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World Population Day

  • 11 Jul 2019
  • 2 min read

11 July is celebrated as World Population Day

  • In 1989, the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme recommended that 11 July be observed by the international community as World Population Day, a day to focus attention on the urgency and importance of population issues.
  • The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) seeks to create awareness about the issues associated with population.

United Nations Population Fund

  • The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), formerly the United Nations Fund for Population Activities, is a UN organization. It was created in 1969.
  • UNFPA works to support family planning by ensuring a steady, reliable supply of quality contraceptives; strengthening national health systems; advocating for policies supportive of family planning; and gathering data to support this work.
  • UNFPA also provides global leadership in increasing access to family planning, by convening partners – including governments – to develop evidence and policies, and by offering programmatic, technical and financial assistance to developing countries.

Present Population Trends

  • Current estimates indicate that roughly 83 million people are being added to the world’s population every year.
  • Even assuming that fertility levels will continue to decline, the global population is expected to reach 8.6 billion in 2030, 9.8 billion in 2050 and 11.2 billion in 2100
  • According to ‘The World Population Prospects 2019’ published by the Population Division of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, India is projected to surpass China as the world’s most populous country by 2027.
  • But according to the Economic Survey 2018-19, India’s population growth rate will decline faster than assumed as the fertility rate in many states has reached the replacement rate.
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