Warli Adivasi Revolt
- In 1945, it began in Zari village, Talasari taluka (Maharashtra).
- Affected from the exploitation from the landlords and money-lenders, nearly 5,000 indentured tribals gathered and refused to work on landlords’ fields until they received 12 annas a day in wages.
- Their resistance sowed the first seeds of rights-based movements among the region’s indigenous communities.
- Women played an important role in the revolt and helped the men in all possible aspects.
- The involvement of the women was supported by the Kisan Sabha leader, Godaveri Parulekar, also known as Godutai (elder sister) by the Adivasis.
- Women followed her and spoke at meetings about the oppression they faced and encouraged other women to join the struggle.
- They are spread across Thane, Nashik and Dhule districts of Maharashtra, Valsad district of Gujarat, Karnataka, Goa and the Union Territories of Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu.
- They are small-scale cultivators and cultivate rice, pulses and vegetables. They also sell toddy, mahua and fuelwood to their tribesmen and neighbouring communities for a living.
- Warli are nature worshippers.
- Warli art stems from their belief system shaped by their centuries-old subsistence on forest land.
- They did not have a written word until recent times and their art was a way of transmitting their belief systems from one generation to the next.
- Their drawings revolve around community traditions, the tools they use and their association with nature.