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Thiruvalluvar Day

  • 16 Jan 2021
  • 2 min read

Why in News

The Prime Minister remembered Thiruvalluvar on the occasion of Thiruvalluvar Day (15th January 2021), observed to mark the birth anniversary of Tamil poet and philosopher.

Key Points

  • About the Thiruvalluvar Day:
    • It was first celebrated on 17th-18th May in 1935.
    • In the present time, it is usually observed either on 15th or 16th January in Tamil Nadu and is a part of Pongal celebrations.
  • About Thiruvalluvar:
    • Thiruvalluvar, also called Valluvar, was a Tamil poet-saint.
      • He is regarded as a cultural and moral icon for Tamils across caste and religious lines.
    • The period when he lived is debated, as is his religious identity.
      • Some place him in the third or fourth century; others put him in the eighth or ninth.
      • Some call him a Hindu; some trace his past to Jainism; Dravidian groups count him as a saint, as he dismissed the caste system.
    • His primary work Thirukkural (contribution to Tamil Literature) contains 1330 couplets (kurals).
      • The text is divided into three parts with teachings on dharma, artha, and kama (virtue, wealth and love).
  • Social Significance of Thiruvalluvar:
    • A statue of the legendary Tamil poet was unveiled in Ulsoor, near Bengaluru, in 2009. A statue of Valluvar was also erected outside the School of Oriental and African Studies in Russell Square, London.
      • A 133-foot tall statue of Thiruvalluvar stands at Kanyakumari as well.
    • The Thiruvalluvar University was established in Vellore district of Tamilnadu by the Government of Tamilnadu in October 2002.
    • In 1976, a temple-memorial called Valluvar Kotam was built in Chennai and houses one of the largest auditoriums in Asia.
    • In the early 16th century, a temple dedicated to Thiruvalluvar was built within the Ekambareswarar temple complex in Mylapore, Chennai.

Source: PIB

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