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Sufficiency Economy Philosophy: Thailand

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  • 17 Sep 2021
  • 3 min read

Why in News

Thailand believes that its homegrown development approach of Sufficiency Economy Philosophy (SEP) can serve as an alternative approach to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

  • In 2020, Indian PM announced Atmanirbhar Bharat or Self-reliant India Movement, which has a similar approach to make India and its citizens independent and self-reliant in all senses. When India speaks of self-reliance, it does not advocate for a self-centered system, there is also a concern for the whole world’s happiness, cooperation and peace.

Key points

  • About:
    • It is an innovative approach to development designed for practical application over a wide range of problems and situations.
      • It is also part of the fundamental administration policy of the state (Thailand).
      • It was introduced in Thailand after the Asian financial crisis in 1997.
    • It is a philosophy that guides one’s inner thinking to immunize oneself from external shocks and can be applied in any setting and at any levels.
  • Levels:
    • Individual and Family Level: It means living a simple life, living within one's means, and refraining from taking advantage of other people.
    • Community Level: It involves joining together to participate in decision-making, developing mutually-beneficial knowledge, and appropriately applying technology.
    • National Level: It postulates a holistic approach with an emphasis upon appropriateness, competitive advantage, low risk, and avoiding over-investment.
      • It involves keeping abreast with what is happening elsewhere in the world, hedging investments, and reducing imports and over dependence on other countries.
  • Pillars:
    • Knowledge: It enables effective planning and execution of developmental activities.
    • Ethics and Values: It enhances human development by emphasizing honesty, altruism, and perseverance, with creating active, engaged citizens, and promoting good governance as the ultimate goal.
  • Principles:
    • Moderation: It entails producing and consuming within one’s capacity and avoiding overindulgence.
    • Reasonableness: It is using one’s mental faculties to examine the causes and consequences of actions on one’s well-being, household and community.
    • Prudence: It refers to risk management in order to be prepared for impacts from any disruptions.

Source: TH

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