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Shankaracharya Temple

  • 23 Aug 2021
  • 3 min read

Why in News

Recently, as per the age-old tradition related to the annual Amarnath pilgrimage, the holy mace (Chhari Mubarak) of Lord Shiva was brought to the ancient Shankaracharya Temple.

Key Points

  • About:
    • It is also known as the Jyesteshwara temple or Pas-Pahar by Buddhists. Persians and Jews call it Bagh-i-sulaiman or the Garden of King Solomon. Persian inscriptions are also found inside the temple.
    • It is on top of the Shankaracharya Hill (also called Hill of Solomon) on the Zabarwan Mountain in Srinagar, Kashmir.
      • The temple is considered as the oldest temple of the valley of Kashmir.
    • It is dedicated to Lord Shiva The temple is at a height of 1,000 feet above the plain and overlooks the city of Srinagar.
    • The temple dates to 200 BC, although the present structure probably dates to the 9th century AD.
    • It was visited by Adi Shankara and has ever since been associated with him; this is how the temple got the name Shankaracharya.
  • Structure:
    • This ancient temple is built in the indigenous early Kashmiri style of architecture and embraces the techniques prevailing in those days.
    • The early Shihara style is prominently evident in the building design and is indicative of a horseshoe arch type of pattern.
    • It is a massive stone structure built on a high octagonal plinth about thirty feet high.
    • The plinth is surmounted by a low parapet wall. The shrine consists of a cell, circular inside, with a diameter of thirteen feet.
    • The square building of the temple is supported by the basement.


  • About:
    • He was also known as Adi Shankara. Born in Kaladi, Kerala in 788 CE.
    • Propounded the Doctrine of Advaita (Monism) and wrote many commentaries on the Vedic canon (Upanishads, Brahma Sutras and Bhagavad Gita) in Sanskrit.
  • Major Work:
    • Brahmasutrabhasya (Bhashya or commentary on the Brahma Sutra).
    • Bhajagovinda Stotra.
    • Nirvana Shatakam.
  • Other Contributions:
    • Was responsible for reviving Hinduism in India to a great extent when Buddhism was gaining popularity.
    • Established four Mathas in the four corners of India and the tradition continues to this day.
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