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Queen Heo Hwang-ok

  • 27 Oct 2021
  • 3 min read

Why in News

Recently, on the banks of the Sarayu in Ayodhya, the Ram Katha Park has been renovated which will be renamed as Queen Heo Hwang-ok memorial park. The Korean queen is believed to have had Indian roots.

  • In 2000, India and South Korea signed an agreement to develop Ayodhya and Gimhae as sister cities.
  • Earlier, in March 2021 Indian Defence Minister and his South Korean counterpart inaugurated the India-Korea Friendship Park in a ceremony at the Delhi Cantonment.

Key Points

  • About:
    • She was a Korean queen who is believed to have been born Princess Suriratna of Ayodhya, daughter of King Padmasen and Indumati.
      • Padmasen ruled the ancient kingdom of Kausala (Kosala), a region that extended from present-day UP to Odisha.
      • The memorial park now comprises Queen and King pavilions with their busts in place, and a pond to represent Princess Suriratna’s journey.
    • Her story is described in Samguk Yusa (Memorabilia of Three Kingdoms).
      • It is a 13th-century collection of legends, folktales and history of Korea’s three kingdoms — Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla — and some other regions.
    • In 48 BC, the princess travelled to Korea from the ancient land of ‘Ayuta’ and married Kim Suro, founder and King of Geumgwan Gaya in south-eastern Korea.
      • There is no consensus among historians on the location of 'Ayuta' as some historians believe that the princess could actually be from Thailand ’s Ayutthaya kingdom.
      • While in the popular imagination, it is associated with Ayodhya in Uttar Pradesh, there is no Indian account of the legend.
  • Princess Journey From India to Korea:
    • She travelled by boat along with an entourage, having been sent by her father, who is said to have had a dream about her marrying king Suro.
    • A pagoda, believed to have been brought by the queen from India to calm the ocean gods, is placed next to the tomb.
    • According to the legend, the princess had taken a golden egg to Korea, and the park includes an egg made of granite.

Source: IE

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