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Purandara Dasa

  • 26 May 2020
  • 2 min read

Why in News

The Department of Archaeology, Heritage and Museums, Karnataka will soon commence field research work at Araga in Malnad (Malenadu) region in Karnataka, to end the speculations regarding the birthplace of Purandara Dasa.

  • The department comes under the Ministry of Culture and is responsible for archaeological studies and the preservation of cultural monuments.

Key Points

  • Issue About Birthplace:
    • It was widely believed that the Purandara Dasa was born in Purandharagad, Maharashtra. However, many people in Malnad claimed that he hailed from their region.
    • On literary evidence, it is being speculated that Purandara Dasa was born near Araga. However, definitive conclusions can be reached only if tangible archaeological evidence like inscriptions, coins, remains of building-related to the name Srinivasa Nayaka or Purandara Dasa are found.
  • About Purandara Dasa:
    • Purandara Dasa belonged to the Vaishnava tradition during the Vijayanagar rule.
    • Prior to the adoption of Vaishnava tradition, he was a rich merchant and was called Srinivasa Nayaka.
      • The proponents of the theory that Puranadara Dasa was born in Malnad, refer to his older name and point out that Nayaka title was attributed to locally influential people, including wealthy merchants in Malnad during the Vijayanagar rule.
    • He was a great devotee of Lord Krishna, a poet and a musician. He is considered the father of Carnatic Music.
      • He formalized the music system which was a blend of various traditions of South India and the musical science as explained in the Vedas.
      • He identified 84 ragas and devised a system of teaching Carnatic music in graded lessons.
    • He composed songs in Kannada and Sanskrit with the pen name Purandara Vithala.
    • In his compositions, he expressed his love for Sri Krishna describing various aspects of Krishna’s life.

Source: TH

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