हिंदी साहित्य: पेन ड्राइव कोर्स
This just in:

Biodiversity & Environment

Punitus Sanctus: New Freshwater Fish

  • 26 May 2020
  • 3 min read

Why in News

Recently, Puntius Sanctus, a new freshwater fish, has been found in Velankanni, Tamil Nadu. It has been found in a small waterbody.

  • The fish has been identified and named by the Department of Zoology, BJM Government College in Kollam. Sanctus means holy (pilgrim town) in Latin.
  • Species of Puntius are known from India mainly from the drainages of the Western and Eastern Ghats, as well as the Eastern Himalayas.

Key Points

  • Puntius Genus:
    • The genus shows great species richness in Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
    • The Puntius species are known locally as Paral in kerala and Kende in Tamil Nadu.
    • It belongs to the family ‘Cyprinidae’.
  • Puntius Sanctus:
    • It is a silver-hued fish. The species is small in size and grows to a length of 7 cm.
    • It is different from other species.
      • It has a protractible (extended) mouth, a pair of maxillary barbels (a sensory organ near the snout).
      • It bears lateral line scales and pre-dorsal scales.
        • The lateral line scales are found within the dermis i.e. under the skin of a fish and usually have sense organs.
        • The dorsal scale row in a fish consists of a series of deep scales devoid of spines.
  • Cyprinidae:
    • It is the family of freshwater fish, collectively called cyprinids, that includes the minnows, goldfish, bitterlings, barbs, and carps.
    • It ranges from small aquarium sized species to huge fish.
    • Freshwater fish are those that spend some or all of their lives in freshwater, such as rivers and lakes, with a salinity of less than 1.05%. E.g. Rohu, Katla, Hilsa etc.
  • The new fish has been deposited in the Zoological Survey of India at Pune.
  • It has also been registered with Zoo Bank of the International Commission of Zoological Nomenclature, the official authority for naming animals.

Zoological Survey of India

  • It is a subordinate organization of the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change and was established in 1916.
  • It is a national centre for faunistic survey and exploration of the resources leading to the advancement of knowledge on the exceptionally rich faunal diversity of the country.
  • It has its headquarters at Kolkata and 16 regional stations located in different geographic locations of the country.

International Commission of Zoological Nomenclature

  • It regulates a uniform system of zoological nomenclature ensuring that every animal has a unique and universally accepted scientific name.
  • It creates and revises the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature.
  • It is based in the Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum, National University of Singapore.

Source: TH

SMS Alerts
 

Please login or register to view note list

close

Please login or register to list article as bookmarked

close
 

Please login or register to make your note

close

Please login or register to list article as progressed

close

Please login or register to list article as bookmarked

close