Online Courses (English)
This just in:

State PCS

Daily Updates

Indian History

Pagri Sambhal Movement

  • 24 Feb 2021
  • 5 min read

Why in News

The Samyukta Kisan Morcha (SKM) is celebrating 23rd February as Pagri Sambhal Diwas, honouring the memory of Ajit Singh-founder of the Pagri Sambhaal Movement of 1907.

  • Farmer unions part of the ongoing protests in Delhi claim that farm laws passed by Parliament will ultimately force them to sell their land to corporates. It was a similar complaint that fueled the farm protests in 1907.

Key Points

  • Pagri Sambhal Movement:
    • About:
      • It was a successful farm agitation that forced the British government to repeal three laws related to agriculture back in 1907.
        • The Punjab Land Alienation Act 1900, the Punjab Land Colonisation Act 1906 and the Doab Bari Act 1907.
        • These acts would reduce farmers from owners to contractors of land, and gave the British government the right to take back the allotted land if the farmer even touched a tree in his field without permission.
    • Slogan:
      • The slogan, Pagdi Sambhal Jatta, the name of the movement, was inspired by the song by Banke Lal, the editor of the Jang Sayal newspaper.
    • Protest:
      • The protests were violent and the protestors ransacked government buildings, post offices, banks, overturning telephone poles and pulling down telephone wires.
    • Leader of the Agitation:
      • Bhagat Singh’s uncle Ajit Singh was the force behind this agitation.
      • He wanted to channel people’s anger over the farm laws to topple the colonial government.
      • Bhagat Singh’s father Kishan Singh and uncle Ajit Singh, with their revolutionary friend Ghasita Ram, formed Bharat Mata Society, aiming to mobilise this unrest into a revolt against the British government.
        • Many young revolutionaries like Sufi Amba Prasad, Zia-ul-Haq, Lal Chand Falak, Din Dayal Banke, Kishan Singh and Lala Ram Saran Das were among the members of Bharat Mata Society.
  • Sardar Ajit Singh:
    • Birth:
      • Born on 23rd February, 1881 he was an Indian revolutionary, an Indian dissident and a nationalist during the colonial era.
      • He was an inspiration to Indian revolutionaries and his nephew Bhagat Singh.
    • Work:
      • He openly criticised the colonial government and was amongst the early protests in Punjab.
      • With his brother Kishan Singh, worked among the people in famine-stricken regions like Barar (Madhya Pradesh) and Ahmedabad and in flood-and-earthquake-affected areas of Srinagar and Kangla in 1905.
      • He launched the Bharat Mata Book Agency ( part of Bharat Mata Society), which, because of its strident anti-government, propagandist publications, attracted the attention of the British government.
      • He built a network of solidarity with people who were struggling for India’s liberation in different parts of Europe. He also founded in this period the Indian Revolutionary Association (Bharatiya Krantikari Sangh).
    • Exile:
      • In May 1907, Sardar Ajit Singh along with Lala Lajpat Rai was exiled to Mandalay in Burma.
      • However, due to great public pressure and apprehension of unrest in the Indian Army, both of them were released in October 1907.
    • Escape:
      • In 1909, Sardar Ajit Singh along with Sufi Amba Prasad escaped to Iran and lived in a self-imposed exile for 38 years.
    • Death:
      • In March 1947, he returned to India and died on 15th August 1947, the day India gained independence at Dalhousie, Punjab.


  • During the medieval period, only noblemen were allowed to wear a turban but during the Sikh revolution in the 17th century, Guru Gobind Singh declared it as a symbol of defiance.
    • He subverted the selectiveness of a turban, providing the common man with a way to claim and assert their own self-esteem.
    • Pagri (Turban) represents the dignity of the common man.
  • In 1907, Pagri Sambhal Jatta was a call to not let the Pagri fall, literally and figuratively.


SMS Alerts

Please login or register to view note list


Please login or register to list article as bookmarked


Please login or register to make your note


Please login or register to list article as progressed


Please login or register to list article as bookmarked