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Odissi Dance

  • 03 Jan 2020
  • 3 min read

Odissi dance is one of the classical dances of India.

  • It is indigenous to Orissa, eastern India, and follows the principles of the Natya-shastra.
  • Evolution
    • The dance has its origin in the temples.
    • The carvings found at the Udayagiri Monastery denote that Odissi was patronised as early as the 2nd Century BCE and the trend continued unabated until about the 16th Century AD.
    • After surviving the tumultuous years from 16th century AD till independence, Odissi underwent a renaissance of sorts which helped it become the global phenomenon it is today.
    • The classical music and dance form of Odisha was prefixed with “Odissi” by noted Odia poet Kabichandra Kalicharan Pattanayak, who was the centre of the cultural revival of Odisha post-independence, to retain its distinct identity.
  • Dance Techniques
    • Odissi dance form can be broken down to the movement of the head, bust and torso and the accompanying gestures and expressions.
    • The techniques of movement are built around the two basic postures of the Chowk and the Tribhanga. The chowk is a position imitating a square - a very masculine stance with the weight of the body equally balanced. The tribhanga is a very feminine stance where the body is deflected at the neck, torso and the knees.
  • Odissi dance deals largely with the love theme of Radha and Krishna.

Natyashastra

  • Natyashastra, in full Bharata Natyashastra, is a detailed treatise and handbook on dramatic art that deals with all aspects of classical Sanskrit theatre.
  • It is believed to have been written by the mythic Brahman sage and priest Bharata (200 BC – 200 AD).
  • Its many chapters contain detailed treatments of all the diverse arts that are embodied in the classical Indian concept of the drama, including dance, music, poetics, and general aesthetics.
  • It is also known as the fifth veda as it has been evolved by taking words from the Rigveda, music from the Samaveda, gestures from the Yajurveda and emotions from the Atharvaveda.
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