New island rules: IPZ 2019
- 27 Mar 2019
- 3 min read
The Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has notified Island Protection Zone (IPZ) 2019 for Andaman and Nicobar.
- Changes in the IPZ are aligned with the Niti Aayog's proposal for holistic development in the Islands.
- The government’s planning to open up the blue economy and sustainable harnessing of ocean resources.
- It allows eco-tourism projects 20 meters from the high tide line (HTL) in smaller islands like Baratang, Havelock, and Car Nicobar.
- In case of larger islands, 50 meters from the HTL is permitted.
- It allows for eco-tourism activities like mangrove walks, tree huts and nature trails in island coastal regulation zone(ICRZ) IA (ICRZ 2018: ICRZ IA, provides areas classified as the most eco-sensitive region of the islands which includes turtle nesting grounds, marshes, coral reefs etc)
- The notification also allows for construction of roads, roads on stilts by reclaiming land in exceptional cases for defense installations, public utilities or strategic purposes in eco-sensitive zones.
- In case construction of such roads pass through mangroves, a minimum three times the mangrove area destroyed during the construction process shall be taken up for compensatory plantation of mangroves elsewhere.
Concerns over IPZ 2019
- It brings the norms for Andaman and Nicobar at par with Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) 2018 norms for other islands close to the mainland and backwater islands where a No Development Zone (NDZ)is only 20 meters from HTL.
- Previously, IPZ 2011 stipulated an NDZ of 200 meters from the HTL for all islands.
- Only pipelines, transmission lines, trans-harbor links to be laid in the eco-sensitive zone were permitted. Now road construction is allowed.
- High tide line (HTL) is defined as
lineup to which highest high tide reaches in spring tides.
- It is delineated by walking over or remote sensing data or by helicopter survey.
- The Low Tide Line(LTL) is the limit up to which the lowest low tide recedes during spring tide.