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Monetary Policy Report: RBI

  • 09 Oct 2021
  • 5 min read

Why in News

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has released the Monetary Policy Report (MPR) for the month of October 2021.

  • It kept the policy rate unchanged for the Eighth time in a row maintaining an accommodative stance till the recovery is durable.

Key Points

  • Unchanged Policy Rates:
    • Repo Rate - 4%.
    • Reverse Repo Rate - 3.35%.
    • Marginal Standing Facility (MSF) - 4.25%.
    • Bank Rate- 4.25%.
  • GDP Projection:
  • Inflation:
  • Government Bond Acquisition Programme (GSAP):
    • It has shut down the GSAP citing the liquidity overhang (Excess liquidity), increasing liquidity due to government spending and absence of higher borrowing for Goods and Services Tax compensation.
      • It is part of RBIs Open Market Operations, where it commits to a specific amount of Open Market Purchases of government securities.
      • The first purchase for an aggregate amount of Rs. 25,000 crore under G-SAP 1.0 was conducted in April, 2021.
    • But has assured that it would continue to flexibly conduct other liquidity management operations, including Operation Twist (OT) and regular Open Market Operations (OMOs).
      • OT is when the central bank uses the proceeds from the sale of short-term securities to buy long-term government debt papers, leading to easing of interest rates on the long term papers.
  • Accommodative Stance:
    • It decided to continue with an accommodative stance as long as necessary to revive and sustain growth on a durable basis and continue to mitigate the impact of Covid-19 on the economy, while ensuring that inflation remains within the target going forward.
      • An accommodative stance means a central bank will cut rates to inject money into the financial system whenever needed.
  • Variable Reverse Rate Repo (VRRR):
    • VRRR auction size has been enhanced to Rs 6 trillion by early December 2021 and opened itself up to increasing the VRRR duration to 28 days if need be.
      • In order to absorb additional liquidity in the system, the RBI announced conducting a VRRR program in August 2021 because it has higher yield prospects as compared to the fixed rate overnight reverse repo.

Key Terms

  • Repo and Reverse Repo Rate:
    • Repo rate is the rate at which the central bank of a country (RBI in case of India) lends money to commercial banks in the event of any shortfall of funds. Here, the central bank purchases the security.
    • Reverse repo rate is the rate at which the RBI borrows money from commercial banks within the country.
  • Bank Rate:
    • It is the rate charged by the RBI for lending funds to commercial banks.
  • Marginal Standing Facility (MSF):
    • MSF is a window for scheduled banks to borrow overnight from the RBI in an emergency situation when interbank liquidity dries up completely.
  • Open Market Operations:
    • These are market operations conducted by RBI by way of sale/purchase of government securities to/from the market with an objective to adjust the rupee liquidity conditions in the market on a durable basis.
  • Government Security:
    • A G-Sec is a tradable instrument issued by the Central Government or the State Governments. It acknowledges the government’s debt obligation.
  • Consumer Price Index:
    • It measures price changes from the perspective of a retail buyer. It is released by the National Statistical Office (NSO).
    • The CPI calculates the difference in the price of commodities and services such as food, medical care, education, electronics etc, which Indian consumers buy for use.

Monetary Policy Report

  • It is published by the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) of RBI. It is a statutory and institutionalized framework under the RBI Act, 1934, for maintaining price stability, while keeping in mind the objective of growth.
  • It determines the policy interest rate (repo rate) required to achieve the inflation target of 4% with a leeway of 2% points on either side. The Governor of RBI is ex-officio Chairman of the MPC.

Source: IE

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