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Ministry’s Report on Road Accidents in India

  • 13 Oct 2018
  • 4 min read

The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways released The Road Accidents in India report for 2017.

Findings of the report

  • The year 2017 saw 4.65 lakh road accidents that killed 1.48 lakh and injured 4.71 lakh people.
  • Major reasons for Deaths in Road Accident:
    • overspeeding (~66%)
    • Use of mobile phones (~2%)
    • driving on the wrong side (~6%)
    • drunken driving (~3%)
  • The road accidents in the country fell by around 3% as compared to 2016.
  • Tamilnadu reported the highest number of accidents, around 75000 in one year, followed by Madhya Pradesh (~57000) and Karnataka(~52000).
  • More number of accidents were recorded in the Southern States, more deaths were recorded in the Northern States.
  • Young adults in the age group of 18 - 45 years accounted for around 72% of victims during 2017.
  • People in the working age group of 18- 60 years accounted for a share of around 87% in the total road accident fatalities.
  • In terms of accidents on road categories, the National Highways accounted for 30% of total road accidents and 36% of deaths in 2017.

Justice K.S. RadhaKrishnan Committee

  • Supreme Court had set up the three-member KS Radhakrishnan panel on road safety in April 2014. The SC had termed the roads in India as “giant killers”
  • The main recommendations of the committee were:
    • Ban on the sale of alcohol on highways (both state and national) to restrain drunk driving.
    • The states were directed to implement laws on wearing helmets.
    • Audit of road safety to be implemented by states to ensure the safety standards in the design, construction, and maintenance of roads.
    • The committee stressed on the importance of creating awareness among people on road safety rules.

Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill, 2016

  • It proposes to create a National Register for Driving Licence and a National Register for Vehicle registration through “Vahan” and “Sarathi” web portals. This is in order to smoothen the process of registration and licensing.
  • It proposes alterations in vehicles, in order to make them suitable for specially-abled people.
  • It provides for a Motor Vehicle Accident Fund, which would provide compulsory insurance cover to all road users in India for certain types of accidents.
  • It provides for a National Road Safety Board, to be created by the Central Government through a notification. The Board will provide advice to the Central and State Governments on all aspects of road safety and traffic management.
  • Contractors, consultants, and civic agencies will be accountable for faulty design, construction or poor maintenance of roads leading to accidents. Those found guilty would be penalized up to Rs 1 lakh.

Brasilia Declaration on Road Safety

  • The declaration was signed at the Second Global High-Level conference on Road Safety held in Brazil in 2015.
  • Through the Brasilia Declaration Countries plan to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal 3.6 which aims to halve the number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents by 2020.
  • The main points of the Brasilia Declaration are:
    • Countries should form transport policies in order to favor more sustainable modes of transport such as walking, cycling and using public transport.
    • It highlights strategies to ensure the safety of all road users
      • by improving laws and enforcement
      • making roads safer through infrastructural modifications
      • ensuring that vehicles are equipped with life-saving technologies
      • enhancing emergency trauma care systems
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