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Lucknow Declaration

  • 07 Feb 2020
  • 3 min read

Why in News

India and 50 African countries adopted the ‘Lucknow Declaration’ at first India – Africa Defence Minister’s Conclave.

  • The Conclave was held on the sidelines of the ongoing DefExpo 2020 (5th to 9th February, 2020) in Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh).

Highlights of the Declaration

  • Peace and Security
    • All the signatories committed to continue their collaboration in the fields of peace and security including conflict prevention, resolution, management and peacebuilding.
    • It also aims to enhance the role of women in peacekeeping.
  • Maritime Security
    • To exchange expertise and trainers, strengthening regional and continental early warning capacities and mechanisms.
  • Terrorism
  • Importance of Indo-Pacific:
  • India’s SAGAR:
    • It also welcomes the African Unions’ vision for peace and security in Africa that coincides with India’s vision of SAGAR (Security and Growth for all in the Region).
      • SAGAR is an articulation of India’s vision for the Indian Ocean.
      • SAGAR has elements such as enhancement of capacities to safeguard land and maritime territories & interests; deepening economic and security cooperation in the littoral; action to deal with natural disasters and maritime threats like piracy, terrorism.
  • Compliance at UNSC:
    • To strengthenth the UN Counter-Terrorism mechanisms and to ensure strict compliance with the the UN Security Council sanctions regime on terrorism.

Origin and Status of Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism (CCIT)

  • India has pushed for an intergovernmental convention to enhance prosecution and extradition of terrorists since 1996.
  • Although consensus eludes towards the adoption of the terrorism convention, discussions have yielded three separate protocols that aim to tackle terrorism:
    • International Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings, adopted on 15 December 1997;
    • International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism, adopted on 9 December 1999;
    • International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism, adopted on 13 April 2005.

Source: IE

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