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Important Facts For Prelims

Kolkata Port Trust

  • 13 Jan 2020
  • 2 min read
  • On the occasion of 150th anniversary celebration of Kolkata Port Trust, it has been renamed after Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee.
    • The Port has two distinct dock systems - Kolkata Docks at Kolkata and a deep water dock at Haldia Dock Complex, Haldia.
  • History of Kolkata Port Trust
    • It is the oldest operating port in India, and was constructed by the British East India Company.
    • The Port which was once considered the most important port in the country still remains the premier port which has been rightly called the gateway to Eastern India.
      • It is the guiding factor to trade and commerce of vast hinterland comprising the entire Eastern India including Bihar and Eastern Uttar Pradesh and the two land-locked Himalayan Kingdoms of Nepal and Bhutan.
      • After independence, the port's importance decreased because of factors including the Partition of India (1947), reduction in size of the port hinterland, and economic stagnation in eastern India.
    • Governance: It is an autonomous body under the ministry of shipping, Government of India administered through Major Port Trusts Act, 1963.
    • Location: Kolkata Port is the only riverine Major Port in India, situated 232 kms up-stream from the Sandheads. Its navigational channel is one of the longest in the world.

Major Ports

  • India has 13 major ports viz. Kolkata Port, Paradip Port, New Mangalore Port, Cochin Port, Jawaharlal Nehru Port, Mumbai Port, Kandla Port, Visakhapatnam Port, Chennai Port, Tuticorin port, Ennore Port, Mormugao Port and Port Blair Port.

Source: PIB

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