Online Courses (English)
This just in:

Daily Updates

Agriculture

India’s Genetically Modified Crop Area Fifth largest in the World

  • 12 Jul 2018
  • 2 min read

The International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-Biotech Applications’(ISAAA) latest ‘Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops in 2017’ report shows farmers across the world to have planted 189.8 million hectares (mh) under transgenic crops.

  • The report has estimated the highest share in the world’s total crop area for 2017 to be of soyabean, followed by maize, cotton, canola, alfalfa and sugar-beet.
  • The GM traits in these crops included both insect-resistance and tolerance for application of herbicide.

India

  • India has the world’s fifth largest cultivated area under genetically modified crops, at 11.4 mh in 2017.
  • Unlike other big growers, its entire GM crop area is under a single crop – cotton – incorporating genes from the Bacillus thuringiensis or BT soil bacterium to resist Heliothis bollworm insect pests.
  • In India, the GM crops under regulatory consideration – apart from the already commercialized BT Cotton – include glyphosate tolerant cotton and hybrid mustard.
  • Though both have undergone all the mandated bio-safety research and open field trials, their commercial release has been delayed due to opposition from environmental activists.

Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee

  • The Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee (GEAC) functions in the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC).
  • It is responsible for the appraisal of activities involving large-scale use of hazardous microorganisms and recombinants in research and industrial production from the environmental angle.
  • The committee is also responsible for the appraisal of proposals relating to the release of genetically engineered (GE) organisms and products into the environment including experimental field trials.
  • GEAC is chaired by the Special Secretary/Additional Secretary of MoEF&CC and co-chaired by a representative from the Department of Biotechnology (DBT).
SMS Alerts
 

Please login or register to view note list

close

Please login or register to list article as bookmarked

close
 

Please login or register to make your note

close

Please login or register to list article as progressed

close

Please login or register to list article as bookmarked

close