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India- US: Technology-based Energy Solutions

  • 30 Dec 2021
  • 7 min read

For Prelims: Net Zero, Climate change and Impacts, Clean Energy, United States-India Science & Technology Endowment Fund, Various partnerships on climate change.

For Mains: India-US cooperation, Tackling climate and clean energy challenges, Efforts to promote clean energy

Why in News

Recently, India and the US launched a programme titled ‘Technology-based Energy Solutions: Innovations for Net Zero to tackle climate and clean energy challenges.

  • It constitutes a call for Ignition Grants by the United States-India Science & Technology Endowment Fund (USISTEF).

United States-India Science & Technology Endowment Fund

  • The governments of the US (through the Department of State) and India (through the Department of Science & Technology) have established the US–India Science & Technology Endowment Fund (USISTEF).
  • It has been established for the promotion of joint activities that would lead to innovation and entrepreneurship through the application of science and technology.
  • The aim of the Fund is to support and foster joint applied R&D to generate public good through the commercialization of technology developed through sustained partnerships between U.S. and Indian researchers and entrepreneurs.
  • The U.S.-India Science and Technology Endowment Fund activities are implemented and administered through the bi-national Indo-U.S. Science and Technology Forum (IUSSTF).

Key Points

Climate Change

  • The term 'climate change' refers to change in the longer term pattern of behaviour of the atmosphere over millennia or, more recently, as a result of natural processes or human activity.
    • Climate is distinguished from weather, which is the specific behaviour of the climate at a particular time. Weather is made up of specific events, for example, a particular storm, the rainfall over a particular period, the temperature at a particular time.
  • There are, however, many possible ways by which climate may be described. These are generally associated with averages or variability in temperature, precipitation, wind and cloud.
  • The climate varies spatially, for example, depending on the distance from the equator or the sea, and temporally, for example, depending on seasonal and daily variations.

Some Indian Initiatives to Fight Climate Change

Way Forward

  • We have to grow the innovation pipeline at an unprecedented pace and invest heavily to reduce green premiums on critical clean technologies and attract entrepreneurial talent to create new markets and industries to transition to Net Zero.
  • Focus should be on the global initiatives and transformative strategies needed to advance rapidly scalable clean energy solutions, such as smarter energy use, renewable technologies, and the electrification of transportation and buildings.
  • There is an urgent need for every country, city, business and financial institution to adopt concrete plans for transitioning to net-zero.
  • Even more urgent is for governments to match this long-term ambition with concrete actions now, as trillions of dollars are mobilised to overcome the Covid-19 pandemic. Revitalising economies is our chance to re-engineer our future.

Source: PIB

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