For Prelims: UPSC, IAS, India-South Africa Relations, Skill Development, National Education Policy, BRICS, IBSA, G20, Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA), World Trade Organisation (WTO), Make in India, Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR), Pravasi Bhartiya Divas (PBD), World Hindi Conference.
For Mains: Effect of Policies & Politics of Countries on India's Interests, India-South Africa Relations and Way Forward.
The bilateral meeting was held in Bali, Indonesia.
It was decided to develop institutional mechanisms for educational tie-ups.
Also, it was agreed to set up a Joint Working Group on Education between the two countries.
This would further extend the cooperation that already exists and also to realise the full potential of bilateral cooperation in education.
Introduction of National Education Policy (NEP) has already paved the way for the internationalisation of Indian education. India and South Africa relations are close and friendly and are rooted in shared values and interests.
Institutional mechanisms for educational tie-ups would strengthen the academic & skill development partnerships and bilateral education cooperation.
Further, it will be helpful in mutual recognition of skill qualifications & capacity building in skill development.
How has been the India-South Africa Relations?
India’s links with the struggle for freedom and justice in South Africa date back to the period during which Mahatma Gandhistarted his Satyagraha movement in South Africa over a century ago.
India was at the forefront of the international community in its support to the anti-apartheid movement.
It was the first country to sever trade relations with the apartheid Government (in 1946) and subsequently imposed a complete -- diplomatic, commercial, cultural and sports -embargo on South Africa.
After a gap of four decades, India re-established trade and business ties in 1993, after South Africa ended its institutionalised racial segregation (apartheid).
In November 1993, diplomatic and consular relations were restored.
After South Africa achieved democracy in 1994, it was the Red Fort Declaration on Strategic Partnership between India and South Africa, signed in March 1997 which set the parameters for a rekindled relationship.
The Strategic Partnership between the two countries was again reaffirmed in the Tshwane Declaration (October 2006).
Both these declarations have been instrumental mechanisms that have contributed in the past to both South Africa and India for achieving their respective national objectives.
India and South Africa have a long history of working together by coordinating their views and efforts in institutions of global governance/multilateral fora, in order to achieve greater autonomy and ensure that the agenda of ‘South’ is prioritised.
In 2016, both the countries agreed to collaborate in the defence sector, especially in terms of the opportunities available for South African private sector under ‘Make in India’ initiative, energy sector, agro-processing, human resource development, and infrastructure development.
Trade between India and South Africa has exceeded the USD 10 billion target set by the leaders of the two countries in 2020.