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India-Central Asia Dialogue

  • 14 Jan 2019
  • 2 min read

India’s External Affairs Minister (EAM) Sushma Swaraj has participated in first India-Central Asia Dialogue in Samarkand, Republic of Uzbekistan.

  • Apart from five central Asian states of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, and Tajikistan, Afghanistan also participated in the conference.
  • Dialogue focussed on a number of issues including ways to improve connectivity and stabilize war-ravaged Afghanistan.
  • India will host the next India-Central Asia Dialogue in 2020.
  • India has proposed setting up of ‘India-Central Asia Development Group’ to take forward development partnership between India & Central Asian countries.
    • The group may enable New Delhi to expand its footprints in the resource-rich region amid China’s massive inroads and to fight terror effectively, including in Afghanistan.
  • India has proposed a dialogue on air corridors with the countries of landlocked Central Asia in an attempt to boost trade, which is currently below $2 billion.
  • India also called on the Central Asia Republics to participate in the Chabahar Port project .

Ashgabat Agreement

  • India joined the Ashgabat Agreement in 2018.
  • The aim of agreement is to establish an international multimodal transport and transit corridor between Central Asia and the Persian Gulf.
  • The Agreement was first signed by Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Iran, Oman, and Qatar on 25 April 2011.
  • Qatar subsequently withdrew from the agreement in 2013, Kazakhstan and Pakistan joined the grouping in 2016.
  • The Ashgabat Agreement came into force in April 2016.
  • Its objective is to enhance connectivity within the Eurasian region and synchronize it with other regional transport corridors, including the International North-South Transport Corridor (INSTC).

India-Uzbekistan Relation

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