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Important Facts For Prelims

Important Facts for Prelims (6th November 2018)

  • 06 Nov 2018
  • 2 min read

Monkeypox in Central Africa

  • A new and emerging contagious disease threat, caused by monkeypox, has been declared a 'public health threat' in parts of central Africa.
  • According to World Health Organisation, monkeypox is a rare viral zoonotic disease that occurs primarily in remote parts of central and west Africa, near tropical rainforests.
  • The virus is mostly transmitted to people from various wild animals such as rodents and primates, but has limited secondary spread through human-to-human transmission.
  • There is no specific treatment or vaccine available although prior smallpox vaccination was highly effective in preventing monkeypox as well.
  • Human monkeypox was first identified in humans in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
  • In 2017, Nigeria experienced the largest documented outbreak.
  • Since May 2018, the virus has been spreading in parts of Africa.
  • It is similar to human smallpox, a disease that was eradicated in 1980. Although monkeypox is much milder than smallpox, it can be fatal.

Two New Gecko Species

  • The spot-necked day gecko (Cnemaspis Maculicolis) and the Anaimudi day gecko (Cnemaspis Anamudiensis) are the two new gecko species found in India.
  • These two very distinctly-patterned lizards are found only in the higher reaches of the Agasthyamalai and Annamalai hill ranges in the Western Ghats.
  • Spot-necked day gecko has bluish-white spots in a distinct ‘necklace-pattern’ on its nape.
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