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Important Facts For Prelims

Important Facts for Prelims (28th September 2018)

  • 28 Sep 2018
  • 4 min read

India-UN Sustainable Development Framework

  • NITI Aayog and United Nations have signed the Government of India-United Nations Sustainable Development Framework (UNSDF) for 2018-2022.
  • The government of India-United Nations Sustainable Development Framework (SDF) 2018-2022 outlines the work of UN agencies in India and ensures the support by UN for the achievement of key development outcomes that have been identified in consultation with the government and are aligned to the national priorities.
  • These priorities are articulated in the NITI Aayog’s Three-year Action Agenda (2017-2020) and other policy announcements (for eg: New India by 2022) and are aligned to agreed 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (SDG 2030).
  • The NITI Aayog is the national counterpart for the UN in India for the operationalization of the UNSDF.
  • The UNSDF 2018-22 comprises of seven priority areas:
    1. Poverty and Urbanization
    2. Health, Water, and Sanitation
    3. Education and Employability
    4. Nutrition and Food Security
    5. Climate Change, Clean Energy, and Disaster Resilience
    6. Skilling, Entrepreneurship, and Job Creation
    7. Gender Equality and Youth Development.

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sampada Yojana (PMKSY)

  • PMKSY is an umbrella scheme incorporating ongoing schemes of the Ministry of Food Processing Industries like Mega Food Parks, Integrated Cold Chain and Value Addition Infrastructure, Food Safety and Quality Assurance Infrastructure, etc.
  • It also incorporates new schemes like Infrastructure for Agro-processing Clusters, Creation of Backward and Forward Linkages, Creation and Expansion of Food Processing & Preservation Capacities.
  • The objective of PMKSY is to supplement agriculture, modernize processing and decrease Agro-Waste.

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendra Inaugurated

  • Recently, a Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendra was inaugrated at Dharmagarh, Kalahandi, Odisha.
  • Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendra
    • The Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) intends to establish state of the art Model Training Centres (MTCs) called Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendras (PMKK) in every district of the country.
    • National Skill Development Council (NSDC) is the implementation agency for the project.
    • Objectives
      • To create benchmark institutions that demonstrate aspirational value for competency-based skill development training.
      • To focus on elements of quality, sustainability, and connection with stakeholders in skills delivery process.
  • Odisha Kaushal Gram
    • It is a scheme under which Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) in 6 job roles for 20,000 people will be carried out in Odisha.
    • This project under RPL will certify 20,000 unrecognized skilled workers from villages and create model skill villages called Kaushal Grams in Odisha.

Railways to Roll Out Smart Coaches

  • The Indian Railways will launch their ‘Make in India’ smart coaches with new features like the black box and artificial intelligence (AI)-powered CCTV.
  • In the version 2.0 of these coaches, the Railways are planning to introduce a host of new features, such as video analytics with face detection feature; unusual occurrence feature; fire-and-smoke detection unit; and an energy-metering module to measure the energy consumption of the coach.
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