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Important Facts For Prelims

Important Facts for Prelims (12th January 2019)

  • 12 Jan 2019
  • 3 min read

National Youth Day

  • The National Youth Day is observed every year on 12 January to mark the birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda.
  • The first edition of National Youth Day was celebrated in the year 1985.
  • International Youth Day is celebrated on 12th August.

Human Space Flight Centre

  • The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has set up a Human Space Flight Center in Bengaluru.
  • The center, a new management structure within the organization, will be in charge of all human-related programme at the ISRO, including the Gaganyaan project, that will send three astronauts to orbit the earth.
  • Two unmanned flights are scheduled for December 2020 and July 2021, while manned flight is expected to take place by December 2021.

Starship Hopper

  • The private space agency SpaceX has unveiled a spacecraft that will carry humans to Mars and Moon in future.
  • The spacecraft is named as “Starship Hopper”. The prototype is 8 meters in diameter.

Vijay Mallya Becomes First Person to be Declared ‘Fugitive Economic Offender’

  • Vijay Mallya became the first person to be declared a ‘fugitive economic offender’ under the Fugitive Economic Offenders’ Act, 2018 by a special Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA) Court.
  • Now, a special FEOA court can order the confiscation of a FEO’s properties, including those which are benami, and the proceeds of crime in and outside India.
  • Once properties are confiscated, the Union government has the right over them, and it can dispose them after 90 days.

Phuti Masjid

  • Phuti Masjid was built by Sarfaraz Khan and is located in Murshidabad, West Bengal.
  • Sarfaraz Khan was the maternal grandson of Murshid Quli Khan.
  • Murshid Quli Khan was the founder of the city Murshidabad and the Nasiri dynasty. Murshid Quli Khan was born a poor Deccani Odia Brahmin before being sold into slavery.
  • From 1717 until 1880, three successive Islamic dynasties – Nasiri, Afshar and Najafi – ruled Bengal.
  • The first dynasty, the Nasiri, ruled from 1717 until 1740.
  • Only two of its five planned domes were completed. As the builder died soon after construction began, the mosque was never completed. And so the name Phuti Masjid, or broken mosque.
  • It is also known rather morbidly as Fouti Masjid. ‘Fout’ means death, and the name was apparently given after the builder’s death.
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