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Important Facts For Prelims

Important Facts For Prelims (11th March 2019)

  • 11 Mar 2019
  • 3 min read

NCRB’s 34th Inception Day

  • Recently, 34th Inception day of National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), was celebrated in New Delhi.
  • National Crime Records Bureau was formed on 11th March 1986.
  • NCRB is mandated to empower the Indian Police with Information Technology (IT) and is responsible for collecting, maintaining and analyzing the crime data of the country.
  • It is the nodal agency for an authentic source of data on crime, accidents, suicides, and prisons for policy matters and research.
  • It is also the apex nodal agency for all fingerprint related matters including accreditation of Fingerprint Experts in the country.
  • It, furthermore, imparts training in IT and Fingerprint Science for Indian Police Officers as well as Foreign Police officers.

Orang National Park

  • The Orang National Park also known as Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park is located on the north bank of the Brahmaputra River in the Darrang and Sonitpur districts of Assam and covers an area of 78.81 square kilometers.
  • It was established as a wildlife sanctuary in 1985 but was declared as National Park in 1999. It is also 49th Tiger Reserve of the country, being notified in 2016.
  • It is also known as the mini Kaziranga National Park (IUCN site) since the two parks have a similar landscape made up of marshes, streams, and grasslands.
  • It is the only stronghold of rhinoceros on the north bank of the Brahmaputra river.
  • As per the latest round of Tiger estimation carried by the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) between January to March 2017, Orang’s tiger density is 35.44 tigers per 100 sq km and thus can replace ‘Kaziranga National Park' as a park with highest Tiger density in the country.
  • Kaziranga has the highest Tiger density of 12.72 per 100 sq km in 2014.
  • Kamlang Tiger Reserve in Arunachal Pradesh is the 50th latest Tiger Reserve that has been notified.

Central Industrial Security Forces (CISF)

  • Recently, the 50th Raising Day of CISF was celebrated.
  • Central Industrial Security Forces (CISF)
    • It is a central armed force the Union raised under an Act of Parliament namely Central Industrial Security Force Act, 1968.
    • It is directly under the Union Ministry of Home Affairs.
    • The CISF provides security cover to industrial units, government infrastructure projects and facilities and establishments located all over India.
    • Industrial sectors like atomic power plants, space installations, mines, oil fields and refineries, metro rails, major ports etc are protected by CISF.
    • Other central armed forces in India include Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Border Security Force (BSF), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB)
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