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Important Facts For Prelims

Important Fact For Prelims (7th March 2019)

  • 07 Mar 2019
  • 4 min read

Janaushadhi Diwas

  • The Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers has decided to celebrate 7th March 2019 as ‘Janaushadhi Diwas’ across India to provide further impetus & create awareness about use of generic medicines.
  • To provide quality healthcare affordable for all, the Government has taken important steps to make affordable and quality generic medicines popular among the people through Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP).
  • Apart from providing affordable quality health products, the PMBJP is also providing a good source of self-employment with self-sustainable and regular earnings. E.g.:
    • Average sales per store per month has grown to Rs 1.50 lakhs as per a survey conducted by the Bureau of Pharma PSUs of India (BPPI).

Swachh Survekshan Awards 2019

  • New Delhi Municipal Council area was given the ‘Cleanest Small City’ award.
  • Uttarakhand’s Gauchar was adjudged the ‘Best Ganga Town’ in the central government survey.
  • The ‘Cleanest Big City’ award has been bagged by Ahmedabad.
  • Raipur is the ‘Fastest Moving Big City’.
  • Ujjain has been the adjudged the ‘Cleanest Medium City’.
  • Mathura-Vrindavan bagged the tag of the ‘Fastest Moving Medium Cities’.

Swachh Survekshan awards(Urban)

  • The Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) started ‘Swachh Survekshan-2016’ survey for the rating of 73 cities in January 2016.
    • It was followed by ‘Swachh Survekshan-2017’ conducted in January ranking 434 cities.
    • Swachh Survekshan 2018 for ranking 4,203 Cities.
  • In a bid to scale up the coverage of the ranking exercise and encourage towns and cities to actively implement mission initiatives in a timely and innovative manner, the 2019 survey included all cities, making it the largest such cleanliness survey in the world.
  • The Quality Council of India (QCI) has been commissioned the responsibility of carrying out the assessment.
  • Top-ranked cities received a statue of Mahatma Gandhi as a memento for their work towards cleanliness.

Google Bolo: Reader-Tutor App

  • Google has recently launched a new app called Bolo. It will help students in India read in Hindi and English and work as a tutor of sorts.
  • The Bolo app comes after a pilot project that Google ran in Uttar Pradesh with ASER centre.
  • The annual ASER 2018 report showed that of all students enrolled in grade 5 in rural India, only about half of them can confidently read a grade 2 level textbook.
    • The Google Bolo app will hope to plug that gap with its tutor-based approach in helping children read.
  • The app includes an Assistant called Diya as well, which encourages children with their reading, understanding skills.
  • The app relies on Google’s speech recognition and text-to-speech technology and currently limited to two languages, Hindi and English.
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