IMO’s New Rule on Electronic Information Exchange
- 09 Apr 2019
- 3 min read
International Maritime Organisation (IMO) has mandated new rules for national governments to introduce electronic information exchange between ships and ports
- The new rules took effect from 8th of April 2019 and, seeks to make cross-border trade simpler and the logistics chain more efficient.
- The requirement, mandatory under IMO’s Convention on Facilitation of International Maritime Traffic (FAL Convention), is part of amendments under the revised Annex to the FAL Convention, adopted in 2016.
- The Facilitation of International Maritime Traffic (FAL Convention) was adopted in 1965.
- The main objective of the convention is to achieve the most efficient maritime transport as possible, looking for smooth transit in ports of ships, cargo, and passengers.
- The Facilitation Convention encourages the use of a “single window” for data, to enable all the information required by public authorities in connection with the arrival, stay and departure of ships, persons and cargo, to be submitted via a single portal, without duplication.
- Under the requirement for electronic data exchange, all national authorities should now have provision for electronic exchange of this information.
- India launched a Port Community System — ‘PCS1x’— at ports in December 2018.
- Port Community System (PCS1x) is a cloud-based new generation technology, with a user-friendly interface.
- This system will enable maritime trade to have improved communication with the customs.
International Maritime Organization
- The International Maritime Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations.
- IMO is responsible for measures to improve the safety and security of international shipping and to prevent pollution from ships.
- It is also involved in legal matters, including liability and compensation issues and the facilitation of international maritime traffic.
- It was established by means of a Convention adopted under the auspices of the United Nations in Geneva on 17 March 1948 and met for the first time in January 1959.
- It currently has 174 Member States.