Genetic Improvement Program for Indigenous Fish Species
- 02 Mar 2023
- 3 min read
Why in News?
Union Minister of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying, launched three national flagship programmes at Indian Council of Agricultural Research-CIBA Campus, Chennai.
What are the Three National Flagship Programmes Launched?
- Genetic Improvement Programme of Indian White Shrimp:
- The farmed shrimp sector contributes about 70% of India's seafood exports worth Rs. 42000 crores, but it mostly depends on one exotic Specific Pathogen-Free stock of Pacific white shrimp species (Penaeus vannamei).
- To break this dependence on one species and to promote indigenous species, ICAR-CIBA has taken up the genetic improvement program of Indian white shrimp, P. indicus, as a national priority under the Make in India flagship program.
- Shrimp Crop Insurance:
- ICAR-CIBA developed a Shrimp Crop Insurance product where the product charges differential premium based on location and requirements of the individual farmer from 3.7 to 7.7 % of input costs and farmer will be compensated to the tune of 80 % loss of input cost in the event of total crop loss. i.e., more than 70% crop loss.
- NatIonal Surveillance Programme for Aquatic Animal Diseases (NSPAAD): Government of India is implemented the NSPAAD since 2013 with a major emphasis on strengthening farmer-based disease surveillance system. The results of the first phase proved the reduction in revenue losses due to diseases, increased farmers’ income and exports.
- Phase II: Government of India has sanctioned the NSPAAD: Phase-II under the Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana programme of the Govt. of India. It will be implemented at pan-India.