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Important Facts For Prelims

Danakil Depression

  • 05 Nov 2019
  • 1 min read

Why in News

A recent study stated that an active and naturally occurring life cannot be sustained at Danakil, Ethiopia.

  • The two barriers to the survival of life in the Danakil region are:
    • Magnesium-dominated brines that cause cells to break down
    • An environment having simultaneously very low pH and high salt, a combination that makes adaptation highly difficult.

Danakil Depression

  • It is located in northeastern Ethiopia.
    • At the northern end of the Great Rift Valley, and separated by live volcanoes from the Red Sea.
  • Danakil is one of the world’s lowest places at 100 metres below sea level.
  • The plain was formed by the evaporation of an inland water body.
  • All the water entering Danakil evaporates, and no stream flows out from its extreme environment.
  • It is covered with more than 10 lakh tonnes of salt.

Source: IE

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