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Important Facts For Prelims

Buddha Purnima

  • 07 May 2020
  • 2 min read

Why in News

In 2020, Buddha Purnima is being celebrated on 7th May.

Key Points

  • The day falls on the Poornima (full moon) of the Hindu month Vaishakha (April or May).
  • It marks the birth anniversary of Gautam Buddha, founder of Buddhism.

Gautam Buddha

  • He was born as Siddhartha Gautama in circa 563 BCE, in a royal family in Lumbini which is situated near the Indo-Nepal border.
  • His family belonged to the Sakya clan which ruled from Kapilvastu, Lumbini.
  • At the age of 29, Gautama left home and rejected his life of riches and embraced a lifestyle of asceticism or extreme self-discipline.
  • After 49 consecutive days of meditation, Gautam attained Bodhi (enlightenment) under a pipal tree at Bodhgaya, Bihar.
  • Buddha gave his first sermon in the village of Sarnath, near Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh. This event is known as Dharma Chakra Pravartana (turning of the wheel of law).
  • He died at the age of 80 in 483 BCE at Kushinagara, Uttar Pradesh. The event is known as Mahaparinibban or Mahaparinirvana.
  • He is believed to be the eighth of the ten incarnations of Lord Vishnu (Dashavatar).

Source: PIB

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