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Acharya Kriplani

  • 12 Nov 2021
  • 2 min read

Why in News

Recently, The Prime Minister has paid tributes to Acharya Kripalani on his Birth Anniversary (11th November).

Key Points

  • About: 
    • He was born on 11th November 1888 in Hyderabad, Sindh.
    • His original name was Jivatram Bhagwandas Kripalani but was popularly known as Acharya Kripalani. He was an independence activist, Indian politician and an Educationist.
  • Educationist:
    • From 1912 to 1927, he taught at various places before becoming wholly involved in the freedom movement.
    • He earned the moniker ‘Acharya’ around 1922 when he was teaching at the Gujarat Vidyapith, founded by the Mahatma a couple of years before.
  • An Environmentalist:
    • He, along with Vinoba Bhave, was involved in preservation and conservation activities throughout the 1970s.
  • Independence Activist:
    • He was part of the Non-Cooperation Movement (1920-22) and the Civil Disobedience movements (started in 1930) and Quit India Movement (1942).
    • He was the President of Indian National Congress (INC) at the time of independence. He served in the Interim government of India (1946–1947) and the Constituent Assembly of India.
  • Political Career:
    • He became one of the founders of the Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party (KMPP) after independence leaving congress.
    • He was elected to the Lok Sabha in 1952, 1957, 1963 and 1967 as a member of Praja Socialist Party.
    • He moved the first-ever No confidence motion in Lok Sabha in 1963, immediately after the India-China War (1962).
      • In 1963, Sucheta Kripalani, a Congress leader became the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, a first for any woman in the country while her husband Acharya remained an opponent to the Congress.
    • He was a critic of Nehru's policies and Indira Gandhi’s rule. He was arrested during Emergency (1975).
  • My Times, his autobiography published posthumously in 2004.

Source: PIB

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