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Indian History

65th Mahaparinirvan Diwas

  • 07 Dec 2021
  • 4 min read

Why in News

Recently, the Prime Minister has paid tributes to Babasaheb Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar on Mahaparinirvan Diwas.

Key Points

  • About Mahaparinirvan Diwas:
    • Parinirvana, regarded as one of the major principles as well as goals of Buddhism, is a Sanskrit term which means release or freedom after death.
      • As per the Buddhist text Mahaparinibbana Sutta, the death of Lord Buddha at the age of 80 is considered as the original Mahaparinirvana.
    • 6th December is observed to commemorate the unfathomable contribution to society given by Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar and his achievements. Owing to Ambedkar’s status as a Buddhist leader, his death anniversary is referred to as Mahaparinirvana Diwas.
  • Babasaheb Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar:
    • Birth: 14th April 1891 in Mhow, Central Province (now Madhya Pradesh).
    • Brief Profile:
      • Dr. Ambedkar was a social reformer, jurist, economist, author, polyglot orator and a scholar of comparative religions.
        • In 1916, he received a doctorate degree from Columbia University, becoming the first Indian to do so.
      • He is known as the Father of the Indian Constitution and was India's first law minister.
    • Related Information:
      • He established a fortnightly newspaper “Mooknayakin 1920 which laid the foundations of an assertive and organised Dalit politics.
      • He founded Bahishkrit Hitkarini Sabha (1923), devoted to spreading education and culture amongst the downtrodden.
      • He was appointed by the Bombay Presidency Committee to work in the Simon Commission in 1925.
      • He led the Mahad Satyagraha in March 1927 to challenge the regressive customs of the Hindus.
      • The Kalaram Temple Movement of 1930 formed a pivotal role in the Dalit movement in India in which Ambedkar led a protest outside the Kalaram temple which did not allow Dalits to enter the temple premises.
      • He participated in all three round-table conferences.
      • In 1932, he signed the Poona pact with Mahatma Gandhi, which abandoned the idea of separate electorates for the depressed classes (Communal Award).
        • However, the seats reserved for the depressed classes were increased from 71 to 147 in provincial legislatures and to 18% of the total in the Central Legislature.
      • In 1936, he was elected to the Bombay Legislative Assembly as a legislator (MLA).
      • In 1947, he was appointed Chairman of the Drafting Committee for the new Constitution.
      • He accepted Prime Minister Nehru's invitation to become Minister of Law in the first Cabinet of independent India.
      • He resigned from the Cabinet in 1951, over differences on the Hindu Code Bill (aimed at reforming Hindu society).
      • In 1956, he converted to Buddhism.
      • He passed away on 6th December 1956.
      • He was conferred Bharat Ratna in 1990.
      • Chaitya Bhoomi is a memorial to B.R. Ambedkar which is located in Dadar, Mumbai.
    • Important Works: Newspaper Mooknayak (1920); The Annihilation of Caste (1936); The Untouchables (1948); Buddha Or Karl Marx (1956), The Buddha and His Dhamma (1956), etc.
    • Quotes:
      • ‘Democracy is not merely a form of government. It is primarily a mode of associated living, of conjoint communicated experience. It is essentially an attitude of respect and reverence towards fellow men’.
      • “I measure the progress of a community by the degree of progress which women have achieved”.
      • ‘Humans are mortal. So are ideas. An idea needs propagation as much as a plant needs watering. Otherwise, both will wither and die’.

Source: PIB

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