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21st SCO Summit

  • 18 Sep 2021
  • 3 min read

Why in News

The 21st Summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) Council of Heads of State was held recently via video Conferencing in Dushanbe, Tajikistan.

  • At the meet the focus was primarily on the ground situation in Afghanistan and its global repercussions.
  • Iran has been accepted as the ninth full member of the organisation.

Key Points

  • India’s Stand:
    • It took a strong stance against radicalisation and extremism, urging the panel to come up with a joint approach and frame a code of conduct to stop terror financing and cross-border terrorism.
      • It also stressed upon the importance of moderate Islam in Central Asia.
    • Flagged concerns over the serious humanitarian crisis unfolding in Afghanistan, noting that the economic woes of the Afghan people are increasing due to the blockage in financial and trade flows.
    • Pointed out that the developments in the country could lead to an uncontrolled flow of drugs, illegal weapons and human trafficking.
    • It is committed to increasing its connectivity with Central Asia. Asserting that there should be respect for the territorial integrity of all countries.
  • Shanghai Cooperation Organisation:
    • About:
      • It is a permanent intergovernmental international organisation. It was created in 2001.
      • The SCO Charter was signed in 2002, and entered into force in 2003.
      • It’s a Eurasian political, economic and military organisation aiming to maintain peace, security and stability in the region.
      • It is seen as a counterweight to North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), It is a eight-member economic and security bloc and has emerged as one of the largest transregional international organisations.
    • Official Languages:
      • Russian and Chinese.
    • Permanent Bodies:
      • SCO Secretariat in Beijing
      • Executive Committee of the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) in Tashkent.
    • Chairmanship:
      • It is by rotation for a year by Member States.
    • Genesis:
      • Prior to the creation of SCO in 2001, Kazakhstan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan were members of the Shanghai Five.
      • Shanghai Five (1996) emerged from a series of border demarcation and demilitarization talks which the four former Soviet republics held with China to ensure stability along the borders.
      • Following the accession of Uzbekistan to the organisation in 2001, the Shanghai Five was renamed the SCO.
      • India and Pakistan became members in 2017. Iran is the ninth and the newest member of SCO.
        • India was made an observer at the SCO in 2005 and has generally participated in the ministerial-level meetings of the grouping which focus mainly on security and economic cooperation in the Eurasian region.

Source: IE

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