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State PCS

Madhya Pradesh State PCS

  • 29 May 2024
  • 6 min read
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Madhya Pradesh Switch to Hindi

Madhya Pradesh STSF Seizes Exotics

Why in News?

Recently, the Madhya Pradesh State Tiger Strike Force (STSF) seized an iguana and an emperor scorpion during a raid in Dewas district. This action marks the first enforcement of Rule 49 M of the amended Wildlife Protection Act (1972).

  • Section 49 M provides for the registration of possession, transfer, and reporting of birth and death of living scheduled animal species listed in the Appendices of CITES and Schedule IV of the Act.

Key Points

  • Both species are categorized in Appendix II of Schedule IV of the WPA 1972 and CITES regulations, necessitating particular permits for trading and keeping in captivity.
    • The saved animals are presently being kept safe at the Kamala Nehru Zoological Museum in Indore.
  • This incident coincides with the recent introduction of the Living Animal Species (Reporting and Registration) Rules 2024 requires online registration of ownership, birth, and death of CITES-listed animals on the PARIVESH portal by August 31, 2024.
    • Failure to comply will lead to legal consequences.

Living Animal Species (Reporting and Registration) Rules, 2024

  • Key Provisions:
    • It states that all persons possessing a living specimen of any of the listed animal species are required to apply for registrations of such possession within a period of six months from the date of commencement of these rules and thereafter within 30 of coming into possession of such animal species to the concerned State Chief Wildlife Warden, through the PARIVESH 2.0 portal.
      • These species are listed under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).
      • This registration requirement also applies to any transfer of the animals or birth of offspring from them, with the Rule prescribing the process for such registration.


  • PARIVESH is a web-based application which has been developed for online submission and monitoring of the proposals submitted by the proponents for seeking Environment, Forest, Wildlife and Coastal Regulation Zones (CRZ) Clearances from Central, State and district level authorities.

Madhya Pradesh Switch to Hindi

Prehistoric Artifacts Found in Madhya Pradesh

Why in News?

Recently, a discovery was made in National Fossil Park at Ghugwa, Madhya Pradesh, where a team of archaeologists from Ashoka University in Sonipat, conducting research in Bandhavgarh National Park and Tiger Reserve, found prehistoric artifacts made from fossil wood.

Key Points

  • This finding indicates that prehistoric nomadic people utilized the petrified tree logs as resources for crafting their tools and objects.
  • Tools crafted from fossil wood are not common in India and are a rarity, with only a few instances found in Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, and Tripura.
    • While the age of the artifacts discovered at Ghugwa remains uncertain, researchers estimate they are at least 10,000 years old.
    • These artifacts consisted of mid-sized flakes measuring about five cm in length.
    • Additionally, some microliths, approximately two cm long, were also unearthed in the vicinity.
  • Madhya Pradesh has many ancient locations, such as Bhimbetka, a United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage site, Hathnora, where the skull fragment known as the Narmada woman was discovered, in addition to sites like Neemtone, Pilikarar, and Mahadeo Piparia.
    • These areas mainly showcase tools made from materials such as quartzite, chert, and sandstone.
  • However, a recent finding in the fossil park indicates that our predecessors also made use of fossil wood, indicating that they did not rely solely on stone resources.

Ghugwa National Fossils Park

  • It is situated 70 km from Dindori in village Ghugwa.
  • It is nestled in an area of 75 acres of land where attractive and rare fossils of leaves and trees are waiting to be explored.
  • This National Park has plants in fossil form that existed in India anywhere between 40 million and 150 million years ago.

Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve

  • About: In 1968, it was notified as a national park and in 1993 was declared a tiger reserve- under the Project Tiger Network at the neighbouring Panpatha Sanctuary.
  • Geographical Aspect: It resides on the extreme north eastern border of Madhya Pradesh and the northern edges of the Satpura mountain ranges.
  • Climate: Tropical monsoon climatic zone.
  • Biodiversity: There is a large number of tigers in the core zone. There are more than 22 species of mammals and 250 species of birds.
    • Species Found: Asiatic Jackal, Bengal Fox, Sloth Bear, Striped Hyena, Leopard and Tiger, Wild Pigs, Nilgai, Chinkara and Gaur (a herbivore and the only coarse feeder).

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