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State PCS

Madhya Pradesh State PCS

  • 17 Jun 2024
  • 5 min read
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Madhya Pradesh Switch to Hindi

Cholera Outbreak

Why in News?

Recently, Panic spread through Phoop town in Bhind district due to a sudden cholera outbreak, resulting in the deaths of three individuals and the illness of around 70 others who drank contaminated water.

Key Points

  • The residents of the area fell prey to cholera infection after drinking contaminated water supplied through the pipeline.
  • According to the sources, the sewage water entered the drinking water supply pipeline due to ongoing civil work in the area. The water turned highly contaminated with bad odour.
  • The District Magistrate stated that the situation was under control and the condition of the patients was stable. 
    • The pipeline leakages have been fixed, and clean/fresh water is now being supplied to the three wards. 
    • A team of doctors has also been deployed to monitor the situation, including water testing.


  • About:
    • Cholera, a water-borne disease primarily caused by the bacteria Vibrio cholerae strains O1 and O139, poses a significant public health challenge worldwide.
      • Strain O1 is the predominant cause of outbreaks, with O139 occurrences being rare and mostly confined to Asia.
    • It is an acute diarrheal illness caused by infection of the intestine.
    • The infection is often mild or without symptoms, but sometimes can be severe.
  • Symptoms:
    • Profuse watery diarrhoea, Vomiting, Leg cramps
  • Transmission:
    • A person may get cholera by drinking water or eating food contaminated with the cholera bacterium.
    • The disease can spread rapidly in areas with inadequate treatment of sewage and drinking water.
  • Vaccine:
    • Currently there are three WHO pre-qualified Oral Cholera Vaccines (OCV), Dukoral, Shanchol, and Euvichol-Plus. All three vaccines require two doses for full protection.

Madhya Pradesh Switch to Hindi

Madhya Pradesh's New Intra-State Air Service

Why in News?

Recently, Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister launched intra-state air service named 'PM Shri Paryatan Vayu Seva' by flagging off the first flight under it from Bhopal to Jabalpur. 

Key Points

Public-Private Partnership (PPP) Model

  • PPP is an arrangement between government and private sector for the provision of public assets and/or public services. Public-private partnerships allow large-scale government projects, such as roads, bridges, or hospitals, to be completed with private funding.
  • In this type of partnership, investments are undertaken by the private sector entity, for a specified period of time.
  • These partnerships work well when private sector technology and innovation combine with public sector incentives to complete work on time and within budget.
  • As PPP involves full retention of responsibility by the government for providing the services, it doesn’t amount to privatization.
  • There is a well defined allocation of risk between the private sector and the public entity.
  • Private entity is chosen on the basis of open competitive bidding and receives performance linked payments.
  • The PPP route can be an alternative in developing countries where governments face various constraints on borrowing money for important projects.
  • It can also give required expertise in planning or executing large projects.

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