1. Identify the place where the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) is headquartered.
Hague, Netherlands. PCA, established in 1899 is headquartered in The Hague, Netherlands. It is an intergovernmental organization dedicated to serve the international community in the field of dispute resolution and to facilitate arbitration and other forms of dispute resolution between States.
2. Identify the country which had signed the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPoA).
Iran. Iran had signed the JCPoA with US, UK, France, Germany, Russia and China in 2015 that had offered it access to global trade in return for accepting curbs to its atomic program. Iran has warned to withdraw from the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) if the European Nations refer the dispute over its atomic programme to the United Nation Security Council. In 2018, the US unilaterally pulled out the pact and reimposed sanctions on Iran.
3. ‘Xenobots’, the world’s first “living robots” were created by scientists of which country?
United States. Scientists in the United States have created the world’s first “living robots” named “Xenobots”. The tiny robots have been built from the cells of the African clawed frog. Scientists have repurposed living cells scraped from frog embryos and assembled them into entirely new life-forms. The latest research is a breakthrough because it designs, for the first time ever, “completely biological machines from scratch”.
4. Identify the archipelago which has the world’s largest lagoon?
New Caledonia. New Caledonia is a French overseas territory in the Pacific. New Caledonia features the world’s largest lagoon and second largest great barrier reef. The lagoon is home to major nesting sites for marine turtles and breeding areas for dugongs, humpback whales and seabirds. Over half of the lagoon is listed as World Heritage by UNESCO.
5. Identify the strait which connects the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden.
Bab-el-Mandeb. Bab-el-Mandeb is a strait located between Yemen on the Arabian Peninsula, and Djibouti and Eritrea in the Horn of Africa. It connects the Red Sea to the Gulf of Aden.