1. Where in Indian Ocean Indian Navy is engaging in Anti-piracy Patrol?
The Gulf of Aden in Arabian Sea. Indian Navy maintains a ship at every choke point in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) under its Mission Based Deployments (MBD) in IOR. Gulf of Aden is a natural sea link between the Red Sea and the Arabian Sea. It is a major trade route connecting Indian Ocean to Mediterranean via Suez Canal. It is also a route for crude oil supply to East Asia, China, Japan and India. Recently, this area has seen the largest share of global piracy attacks.
2. Identify the country in which the Southernmost City on Earth is Located?
Chile. Puerto Williams, Chile is now the world's southernmost city. Previously the title of Southernmost city was at Ushuaia, Argentina. Chile is located on the western part of South America. It has the Andes mountain range to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. The capital of Chile is Santiago. Atacama desert, one of the driest places in the world is also located in Chile.
3. Identify the country in which the famous Tiananmen Square is located.
China. 2019 marks the 30th anniversary of Tiananmen Square protests. In 1989, for over seven weeks, student-led pro-democracy protests occurred in Beijing's Tiananmen Square. These protests are one of the greatest political upheaval for democracy in China. It is also called as '89 Democracy Movement. This is year also marks the 30th year of massacre of protestors by army in Tiananmen Square.
4. Identify the country which is first country in Asia to legalize same sex marriages.
Republic of China (Taiwan). Recently, parliament in Taiwan approved a bill legalizing same-sex marriages. Taiwan is the first country in Asia in which same sex marriages are legal. Taiwan is located in the South China Sea and is separated from mainland China by Taiwan Strait. The official name of Taiwan is Republic of China. The Capital of Taiwan is Taipei. India does not have diplomatic relations with Taiwan.
5. Identify the strait where Chabahar Port is located.
Strait of Hormuz. Strait of Hormuz is located in Arabian Sea. It is a link between Persian Gulf and Arabian Sea. The waterway separates Iran and Oman and United Arab Emirates (UAE). The Strait is 33 km wide at its narrowest point, but the shipping lane is just three km wide in either direction. It is a major trade route, thirty percent of the world’s crude oil trade passes through Strait of Hormuz. It is also the route for nearly all the liquefied natural gas (LNG) from lead exporter Qatar.