1. Locate the place which is considered as the southern tip of Africa?
Cape Agulhas (South Africa). A common misconception is that the Cape of Good Hope is the southern tip of Africa. Contemporary geographic knowledge instead states the southernmost point of Africa is Cape Agulhas about 150 km to the east-southeast. The warm-water Agulhas current (Indian Ocean) meets the cold-water Benguela current (Atlantic ocean) between Cape Agulhas and Cape Point (about 1.2 km east of the Cape of Good Hope).
2. Identify the country from where the TAPI Pipeline originates?
Turkmenistan. TAPI Pipeline, also called Peace pipeline, is a 1,814km natural gas pipeline that originates from Turkmenistan and passes through Afghanistan and Pakistan to reach India. It aims to monetise Turkmenistan’s gas reserves and supply them to neighbouring countries to promote the use of natural gas and improve energy security. The project is being developed by TAPI Pipeline Company (TPCL), a consortium established by four individual state-owned gas companies Turkmengaz (Turkmenistan), Afghan Gas (Afghanistan), Interstate Gas Service (Pakistan), and Gas Authority of India and Indian Oil (India).
3. Identify the country which is separated by the six degree channel from Andaman and Nicobar Islands?
Indonesia. The Andaman and Nicobar Islands (ANI) are located at the juncture of the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea. It is a group of 572 islands, which straddles some of the busiest trade routes in the world. The southern endpoint of India is the Indira point and is also called as the Pygmalion Point and is located in the southern point of the greater Nicobar islands. Rondo island of Indonesia is the northernmost island in the province of Sumatra and is located about 163 km to the south of the little Andaman island. The point has an elevation of 47 meters. This six-degree channel is located at 6 degrees north of the equator and thus is popular, called the 6-degree channel.
4. Identify the water bodies which are connected by the Suez Canal?
4 (a) Mediterranean Sea and 4 (b) Red Sea. The Suez Canal is an artificial sea-level waterway running north to south across the Isthmus of Suez in Egypt, to connect the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. The canal separates the African continent from Asia. It provides the shortest maritime route between Europe and the lands lying around the Indian and western Pacific oceans. It is one of the world’s most heavily used shipping lanes, carrying over 12% of world trade by volume.
5. Identify the country where the ‘Sangay National Park’ is located?
Ecuador. Recently, Ecuador’s Sangay volcano erupted. Sangay volcano is one of the highest active volcanoes in the world and one of Ecuador's most active ones. It is the southernmost stratovolcano (a volcano built up of alternate layers of lava and ash) in the northern volcanic zone of the Andes. It is 5230 m high. Sangay National Park is located in the central part of Ecuador on the Andes mountains' eastern side. It is a world heritage site.