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Swami Vivekananda

  • 06 Jul 2021
  • 2 min read

Why in News

Every year, 4th July is observed as the death anniversary of Swami Vivekananda, who is regarded as a one of the finest spiritual leaders and intellects India has produced.

Key Points

  • Birth: He was born as Narendranath Datta on 12th January, 1863.
    • National Youth Day is held every year to observe the birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda.
    • In 1893, upon the request of Maharaja Ajit Singh of the Khetri State, he took the name ‘Vivekananda.’
  • Contributions:
    • Introduced the world to the Indian philosophies of Vedanta and Yoga.
      • He preached ‘neo-Vedanta’, an interpretation of Hinduism through a Western lens, and believed in combining spirituality with material progress.
    • Laid the greatest emphasis on education for the regeneration of our motherland. Advocated a man-making character-building education.
    • Best known for his speech at the World Parliament of Religion in Chicago in 1893.
    • Spelt out the four pathways of attaining moksha from the worldly pleasure and attachment in his books - Raja-yoga, Karma-yoga, Jnana-yoga and Bhakti-yoga.
    • Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose had called Vivekananda the “maker of modern India.”
  • Associated Organisations:
    • He was the chief disciple of the 19th-century mystic Ramakrishna Paramhansa and established the Ramakrishna Mission in 1897.
      • Ramakrishna Mission is an organization which works in the area of value-based education, culture, health, women's empowerment, youth and tribal welfare and relief and rehabilitation.
    • In 1899, he established the Belur Math, which became his permanent abode.
  • Death: He died at Belur Math in 1902. Belur Math, located in West Bengal, is the headquarters of Ramakrishna Math & Ramakrishna Mission.

Source: HT

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