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Internal Security

Steps to Counter Maoist Threat

  • 10 Dec 2020
  • 4 min read

Why in News

To speed up the implementation of the Road Requirement Plan for extremism-affected areas, Chhattisgarh has suggested the Center to divide the remaining contracts into small packets so that local contractors can take up the jobs.

Key Points

  • Road Requirement Plan for Left Wing Extremism (LWE) Affected Areas:
    • This Scheme is being implemented by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways for improving road connectivity in 34 LWE affected districts of 8 States.
    • 8 States are Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha and Uttar Pradesh.
    • This scheme envisaged construction of 5,422 km roads lengths in LWE affected States.
  • Present Issue:
    • 90% of the 5422 km Road Requirement Plan stands completed, but progress remains a problem in Chhattisgarh.
      • Of the 419 km of roads remaining across four states, Chhattisgarh accounts for 360 km.
    • Proposed Solution:
      • Chhattisgarh proposed to the Centre to break up the contracts into small portions so that local contractors can take up the jobs.
      • When local people take up the contracts, they are in a better position to get the work done.
  • Left Wing Extremism (LWE):
    • LWE organizations are the groups that try to bring change through violent revolution. They are against democratic institutions and use violence to subvert the democratic processes at ground level.
    • These groups prevent the developmental processes in the least developed regions of the country and try to misguide the people by keeping them ignorant of current happenings.
    • Left Wing Extremists are popularly known as Maoists worldwide and as Naxalites in India.
  • Other Government Initiatives to fight LWE:
    • Greyhounds: It was raised in 1989 as an elite anti-naxal force.
    • Operation Green Hunt: It was started in 2009-10 and massive deployment of security forces was done in the naxal-affected areas.
    • LWE Mobile Tower Project: To improve mobile connectivity in the LWE areas, the Government in 2014, approved installation of mobile towers in LWE affected States.
    • Aspirational Districts Programme: Launched in 2018, it aims to rapidly transform the districts that have shown relatively lesser progress in key social areas.
      • It stands for
        • S- Smart Leadership,
        • A- Aggressive Strategy,
        • M- Motivation and Training,
        • A- Actionable Intelligence,
        • D- Dashboard Based KPIs (Key Performance Indicators) and KRAs (Key Result Areas),
        • H- Harnessing Technology,
        • A- Action plan for each Theatre, and
        • N- No access to Financing.
      • This doctrine is the one-stop solution for the LWE problem. It encompasses the entire strategy of government from short-term policy to long-term policy formulated at different levels.

Way Forward

  • Though the number of incidents of LWE violence has come down in the recent past, continued efforts and focus are needed in eliminating such groups.
  • Government needs to ensure two things; security of the peace-loving people and the development of the naxalism-affected regions.
  • Centre and states should continue with their coordinated efforts in development and security both where Centre should play a supportive role with state police forces taking the lead.
  • Government needs to undertake technological solutions such as the use of drones to minimize loss of lives of security personnel.

Source: IE

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