Scientists Perform First Color X-ray on a Human
- 14 Jul 2018
- 2 min read
Scientists from New Zealand performed the first ever 3D color X-Ray on a human being using a technique that could improve the field of medical diagnostics.
- The new device, named Medipix, is based on the traditional black-and-white X-Ray but has incorporated a particle-tracking technology developed by the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) for its Large Hadron Collider.
Comparison with Other Techniques
- X-rays suffer from the deficit that they can sharply
visualiseonly hard tissues. The shadows of soft tissues are less precise. Blood vessels and other conduits are imaged with invasive dyes.
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides a slightly different picture, based on the difference in water and fat content in tissues.
- All but MRIs use radiation and dyes and chemical markers.
- The Medipix is superior to its predecessors - it uses algorithms to model very accurate spectroscopic data in three dimensions and shows all tissues with equal clarity, in color.
- The color X-ray imaging technique could by providing clearer and more accurate pictures
canhelp doctors give their patients more accurate diagnoses.
- In the case of a fracture, for instance, not only would it show physical damage to a bone — which is what an X-ray depicts — but it would also reveal trauma to surrounding tissue and reveal if blood and nerve supply is compromised.
- According to the CERN, it will not only clearly show the difference between bone, muscle
andcartilage, but also the position and size of cancerous tumours.
- Also, it would depict structures exactly as they are since not all humans are built exactly the same.
- In the near future, when medical care will be
customisedto the individual, this would make a difference to the efficacy of care.