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Indian Economy


  • 03 Aug 2019
  • 3 min read

Recently the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship has called for SANKALP Scheme to focus on district-level skilling ecosystem through convergence and coordination.

  • To enhance the district level ecosystem, the Ministry has taken the following initiatives:
    • Skill India Portal: A system to capture and converge skill data even at the district level.
    • Grants: Nine States namely Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Manipur, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh were given grants.
    • Aspirational Districts: In addition to these State, grants have also been released to 117 aspirational districts under Aspirational Skilling Abhiyaan.

Skills Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood Scheme

  • Skills Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood (SANKALP) is an outcome-oriented programme of Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE) with a special focus on decentralised planning and quality improvement.
  • It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme which is collaborated with the World Bank.
  • It aims to implement the mandate of the National Skill Development Mission (NSDM).
  • The main objectives of the scheme are:
    • Convergence: Creating convergence among all skill training activities, both State-led and Government of India funded, at the state level.
    • Quality: Improving the quality of skill development programs through building a pool of quality trainers, developing model curriculum and content, and standardizing assessment and certification.
    • Evaluation System: Establishing a robust monitoring and evaluation system for skill training programs.
    • Inclusiveness & Opportunity: Providing access to skill training opportunities to the disadvantaged sections. Creating industry-led and demand-driven skill training capacity.
  • Similar to SANKALP scheme, the government has also launched the STRIVE scheme for skill development.

Skills Strengthening for Industrial Value Enhancement Scheme

  • Skills Strengthening for Industrial Value Enhancement (STRIVE) scheme is a World Bank assisted-Government of India project with the objective of improving the relevance and efficiency of skills training provided through Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) and apprenticeships.
  • It is a Central Sector Scheme, covering the following 4 result areas:
    • Improved performance of ITI.
    • Increased Capacities of State Governments to support ITIs and Apprenticeship Training.
    • Improved Teaching and Learning.
    • Improved and Broadened Apprenticeship Training.

Central Sector Scheme and Centrally Sponsored Scheme

  • India’s developmental plan is comprised of two types of schemes i.e., Central Sector and Centrally Sponsored Scheme.
    • Under Central sector schemes, it is 100% funded by the Union government and implemented by the Central Government machinery.
    • Under Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) a certain percentage of the funding is borne by the States in the ratio of 50:50, 70:30, 75:25 or 90:10 and the implementation is by the State Governments.

Source: PIB

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