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Indian Heritage & Culture

Monuments of National Importance

  • 01 Jan 2019
  • 3 min read

Archaeological Survey of India has declared following monuments of national importance:

  • The ancient Neemrana Baori in Rajasthan's Alwar district;
  • The Group of Temples at Ranipur Jharail in Odisha's Bolangir district;
  • The Vishnu Temple in Pithoragarh district, Uttarakhand;
  • High Court Building in Nagpur, Maharashtra,
  • Two Mughal-era monuments in Agra — Haveli of Agha Khan and Hathi Khana.

High Court Building Nagpur

  • The Nagpur High Court building is called a Poem in Stone because of its beautiful structure.
  • The most conspicuous feature of the High Court frontage is the Dome, the grand entrance, both towers, and the majestic staircase.
  • It was designed by Architect H.A.N. Medd.
  • Greek influence can be seen prominently in the columns. The predominant Roman features can be seen in the ornamentation of both square and arched alcoves.
  • The Renaissance drum is cylindrical and elongated. Over it are Rajasthani Chhatris. The dome has the resonance of the soprano.

Neemrana Baori– Rajasthan

  • The Neemrana Stepwell was built in 18th century by Thakur Janak Singh.
  • It is also known as Rani Ki Baoli in the local language.
  • The primary cause of the creation of this step well was to create employment during the famine that hit the area during that period.
  • It is located in Alwar district of Rajasthan.

Ranipur –Jharial- Odisha

  • A group of temples near Ranipur Jharial in Balangir district of Odisha has been declared as a monument of national importance.
  • Ranipur Jharial is known as “Soma Tirth” in scriptures.
  • It is a combination of religious faiths of Shaivism, Buddhism, Vaishnavism, and Tantrism.
  • The site is famous for Chausath (64) Yogini temples or the temples without roofs—known as the hypaethral temples.

Archaeological Survey of India (ASI)

  • ASI is the premier organization for the archaeological research, scientific analysis, excavation of archaeological sites, conservation and preservation of protected monuments.
  • It is an attached office under the Department of Culture (Ministry of Culture).
  • ASI was founded in 1861 by Alexander Cunningham who became its first Director-General.
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