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ISRO Plans for 2020-21

  • 17 Feb 2020
  • 2 min read

Why in News

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has released its annual report for 2019-20 recently.

  • ISRO has been allocated with the budget of ₹13,480 crores for 2020-21.
  • Currently, India has 19 national Earth Observation (EO) satellites, 18 communication satellites and 8 navigation satellites in service.
    • These are used for broadcasting, telephony, Internet services, weather, agriculture-related forecasting, security, disaster-time rescue and relief and location-based services.
    • Three of the communication satellites are dedicated to military communication and networking.

Key Points

  • The report states an annual plan of 36 missions (including both satellites and their launchers) including the launch of 10 Earth Observation (EO) satellites.
  • The upcoming EO satellites include radar imaging satellites RISAT-2BR2, RISAT- 1A and 2A; Oceansat-3, GISAT-1 and Resourcesat-3/3S.
  • ISRO plans to launch Chandrayan-3, Gaganyan in the year of 2020-21.
  • ISRO also plans to launch a new series of high-resolution HRSATs through Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) launcher.
  • ISRO is expected to develop its own space station within a decade.

RISAT-2BR2

  • The RISAT-2BR2 will form a triad with RISAT-2B and RISAT-2B1 covering around 120 degrees apart.
  • It will increase the frequency of observation in the required areas to provide all-weather, day/night imaging services from space.
  • The RISAT satellites carry a synthetic aperture radar on them, providing all-weather, 24-hour information to security agencies.

GISAT-1

  • GISAT-1 (Geo Imaging Satellite) will be placed in a geostationary orbit of around 36,000 km.
    • All Indian EOs satellites have been placed so far in a 600-odd-km orbits and circle the earth pole to pole.
  • It will apparently be in a fixed spot looking over the Indian continent at all times.
  • It will have high-resolution cameras which will help to monitor any changes in borders and the overall geographical condition of the country, etc.

Source: TH

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