India and Uzbekistan
Why in News
- The Defence Minister of India attended the 18th meeting of the Council of Heads of Government (CHG) of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) on 2nd November, 2019 in Tashkent, Uzbekistan.
- The meeting was the third CHG meeting after India became a full member of the SCO in 2017.
- SCO is a permanent intergovernmental international organisation that was created in 2001.
- Its one of the objectives is to strengthen mutual trust and neighbourliness among the member states.
- At present, it has eight member states. Its Secretariat is located in Beijing, China.
Highlights from the SCO Meeting
- Common Challenges: To work together to defeat challenges like terrorism, climate change, endemic poverty, and inequality.
- Multilateralism: India is committed to a transparent, rules-based, open, inclusive and non-discriminatory multilateral trading system with the World Trade Organisation (WTO) at its centre.
- Disater Management:
- Security Cooperation: Emphasis on the importance of SCO joint military exercise ‘CENTER 2019’.
- India will host the meeting of Council of Heads of Government in 2020.
Highlights from India - Uzbekistan Discussions
- The defence minister of India also held bilateral consultations with the defence minister of Uzbekistan.
- Three memorandums of understanding (MoU) were signed to enhance cooperation in military medicine and military education.
- India affirmed its commitment to develop a state-of-the-art Information Technology (IT) complex in Armed Forces Academy of Uzbekistan for the benefit of the soldiers.
- Both the Defence Ministers presided over the innauguration of the first India-Uzbekistan Joint Exercise, “Dustlik 2019”.
- This bilateral exercise will be conducted from 4th-13th November, 2019 at Chirchiq Training Area near Tashkent and will focus on counter-terrorism.
India - Uzbekistan Ties
- Areas of Cooperation: Uzbekistan and India have signed Agreements and MoUs in areas such as trade, investment, education, civil aviation, tourism, science & technology and agriculture.
- Economic Ties: Bilateral relations are managed through an lntergovernmental Commission, which oversees trade and economic relations.
- Cultural Relations:
- There is a close affinity between the cultures of the two countries.
- lndian films, actors and songs are extremely popular across Uzbekistan.
- After the first major co-production of Alibaba aur Chalis Chor in 1980, lndo-Uzbek jointly produced film 'Hoichoi Unlimited' premiered in Uzbekistan on 31st March 2019.
- The Lal Bahadur Shastri Centre for lndian Culture teaches Hindi, Yoga and Kathak and holds cultural performances across