Online Courses (English)
This just in:

State PCS

Daily Updates

Indian Economy

Forex Reserves

  • 02 May 2020
  • 4 min read

Why in News

According to the recent data from the Reserve Bank of India, India’s Foreign Exchange (Forex) reserves declined by $113 million to $479.45 billion in the week to 24 April, 2020 due to a fall in foreign currency assets.

Key Points

  • Changes in forex reserves holdings.
    • The foreign currency assets (FCAs) decreased by $321 million to $441.56 billion.
    • Gold reserves rose by $221 million to $32.901 billion.
    • The special drawing rights with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) fell by $6 million to $1.42 billion.
    • The country’s reserve position with the IMF also was down by $8 million to $3.57 billion.
  • Earlier, the reserve had touched a life-time high of $487.23 billion in the week ended by 6 March, 2020.
  • During 2019-20, the country’s foreign exchange reserves rose by almost $62 billion.

Foreign Exchange Reserves

  • Foreign exchange reserves are assets held on reserve by a central bank in foreign currencies, which can include bonds, treasury bills and other government securities.
    • It needs to be noted that most foreign exchange reserves are held in U.S. dollars.
  • These assets serve many purposes but are most significantly held to ensure that the central bank has backup funds if the national currency rapidly devalues or becomes altogether insolvent.
  • India’s Forex Reserve include:

Foreign Currency Assets (FCA)

  • FCAs are assets that are valued based on a currency other than the country's own currency.
  • FCA is the largest component of the forex reserve. It is expressed in dollar terms.
  • The FCAs include the effect of appreciation or depreciation of non-US units like the euro, pound and yen held in the foreign exchange reserves.

Special drawing rights (SDR)

  • The SDR is an international reserve asset, created by the IMF in 1969 to supplement its member countries’ official reserves.
  • The SDR is neither a currency nor a claim on the IMF. Rather, it is a potential claim on the freely usable currencies of IMF members. SDRs can be exchanged for these currencies.
  • The value of the SDR is calculated from a weighted basket of major currencies, including the U.S. dollar, the euro, Japanese yen, Chinese yuan, and British pound.
  • The interest rate on SDRs or (SDRi) is the interest paid to members on their SDR holdings.

Reserve Position in the International Monetary Fund

  • A reserve tranche position implies a portion of the required quota of currency each member country must provide to the International Monetary Fund (IMF) that can be utilized for its own purposes.
  • The reserve tranche is basically an emergency account that IMF members can access at any time without agreeing to conditions or paying a service fee.

Source: IE

SMS Alerts

Please login or register to view note list


Please login or register to list article as bookmarked


Please login or register to make your note


Please login or register to list article as progressed


Please login or register to list article as bookmarked