Recently, United Nations Biodiversity has urged people globally to use the word ‘funga’ whenever they say ‘flora and fauna’, in order to highlight the importance of fungi.
Why has the UN Biodiversity urged to use the word ‘Funga’?
According to UN Biodiversity “It is time for fungi to be recognised and protected on an equal footing with animals and plants in legal conservation frameworks.
This is not the first time when a request has been made to include fungi along with flora and fauna.
Earlier, the Species Survival Commission (SSC) of the IUCN announced that it would use “mycologically inclusive” language in its internal and public-facing communications and to incorporate fungi in conservation strategies with rare and endangered plants and animals.
Exposure to fungal spores, especially in indoor environments with high humidity, can trigger allergies and respiratory problems in some individuals.
Conditions like allergic rhinitis and allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis are associated with fungal allergens.
Biodegradation of Materials:
Fungi can break down materials such as textiles, leather, and paper, which can be detrimental if these materials are not properly preserved or stored.
Promoting Fungal Conservation: Advocate for the inclusion of fungi in legal conservation frameworks at national and international levels. This would involve recognizing and protecting fungi-rich ecosystems and habitats.
Allocate adequate funding and grants specifically for fungal conservation projects for research, habitat protection, and restoration efforts.
Research and Education:
Invest in research to study fungal diversity, distribution, and ecological roles. This knowledge is crucial for effective conservation efforts.
Launch awareness campaigns and educational programs to inform the public, policymakers, and conservationists about fungi's vital contributions to ecosystem health, nutrient cycling, and biodiversity.
Mycological Inclusivity: Encourage governmental agencies, research institutions, and conservation organisations to adopt "mycologically inclusive" language in their communications, policies, and reports.