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Biodiversity & Environment

Dhole Conservation

  • 05 Aug 2020
  • 3 min read

Why in News

Karnataka, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh rank high in the conservation of the endangered Dhole in India, according to a new study.

  • This study was conducted by scientists from the Wildlife Conservation Society-India, the University of Florida, the Wildlife Conservation Trust, and the National Centre for Biological Sciences.

Key Points

  • In this study, the scientists explored the conservation tenets of retention, recovery and restoration of dholes in India.
  • Karnataka, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh were found to be adequately equipped for consolidating forest habitats and recovering populations of Dhole by increasing prey density and reducing the pressure on forests.
  • Arunachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Telangana and Goa are suggested to increase financial investments in the forest and wildlife sectors, and reduce the ease of granting forest clearances for infrastructure projects.
  • Improving habitat conditions and prey densities in the Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Odisha would strengthen the link between dhole populations in the Western Ghats and central India.


  • About: Dhole (Cuon alpinus) is a wild carnivorous animal belonging to the canine family, found in Central, South, East Asia, and Southeast Asia.
    • They are also known as Asian wild dogs.
  • Ecological role: Dholes play an important role as apex predators in forest ecosystems.
  • Conservation Status: It is under the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s ‘endangered’ category.
  • Threats:
    • Ongoing habitat loss: Due to deforestation and fragmentation of forest corridors.
    • Depletion of prey base: Ungulates are main prey of dholes whose population is rapidly decreasing due to excessive hunting and habitat loss.
    • Persecution due to livestock predation and disease transfer from domestic and feral dogs.

Source: TH

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