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Science & Technology

Aurora Supercomputer

  • 20 Mar 2019
  • 2 min read

The United States has decided to build the fastest supercomputer.

  • The supercomputer is named as Aurora.

About Aurora

  • It is scheduled to be delivered to the Argonne National Laboratory near Chicago in 2021.
  • It will be the first machine to reach a milestone called “exascale” performance, i.e. one billion billion calculations per second.
  • This speed is around seven times the speed of the most powerful system built to date, or 1,000 times faster than the first “petascale” systems built in 2008.
  • The new machines will let researchers create significantly more accurate simulations of phenomena such as drug responses, climate changes, the inner workings of combustion engines and solar panels.
  • An International Business Machines (IBM) Corporation system called Summit(OLCF-4), built for the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in the USA is the fastest supercomputer in the world with a clocked speed of 143.5 petaflops.

Supercomputer in India

  • India’s first supercomputer called PARAM 8000 was launched in 1991.
  • At present, Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology has Pratyush supercomputer, which is the fastest supercomputer in India, it has a speed of 4.0 Petaflops.
  • National Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasting has Mihir, which has a speed of 2.8 petaflops.

Unit of Computing Speed

  • Teraflops: It is a unit of computing speed equal to one million million (10^12) floating-point operations per second (FLOPS).
  • Petaflops: It is a unit of computing speed equal to one thousand million million (10^15) floating-point operations per second (FLOPS).
  • Exaflops: It is a unit of computing speed equal to one billion billion (10^18) floating-point operations per second (FLOPS).
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