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Biodiversity & Environment

4th Asia Ministerial Conference on Tiger Conservation

  • 22 Jan 2022
  • 5 min read

For Prelims: Conservation Status of Tiger, Conservation Assured | Tiger Standards (CA|TS), Global Tiger Summit, Project Tiger

For Mains: Importance of Tiger Conservation and related Initiatives, Reasons for Loss of Biodiversity

Why in News

Recently, the 4th Asia Ministerial Conference on tiger conservation was held.

Key Points

  • About:
    • The conference is an important event for reviewing progress towards the Global Tiger Recovery Programme and commitments to tiger conservation.
    • It was organized by Malaysia and Global Tiger Forum (GTF).
    • India will facilitate Tiger Range Countries towards finalisation of New Delhi declaration for the Global Tiger Summit to be held in Russia later this year (2022).
      • A “Pre-Tiger Summit” meeting was held at New Delhi in 2010, wherein the draft declaration on tiger conservation for Global Tiger Summit was finalised.
      • India is one of the Founding members of the intergovernmental platform of Tiger Range Countries – Global Tiger Forum.
      • Over the years, GTF has expanded its programme on multiple thematic areas, while working closely with the Government of India, tiger states in India and tiger range countries.
      • Tiger Range Countries in GTF: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Cambodia, Nepal, Myanmar and Vietnam.
  • Significance of Tiger Conservation:
    • Vital in Regulating Ecological Processes:
      • Tigers, the top predators in the ecosystem, are vital in regulating and perpetuating ecological processes.
        • Forests are known to provide ecological services like clean air, water, pollination, temperature regulation etc.
    • Maintaining Food Chain:
      • It is a top predator which is at the apex of the food chain and keeps the population of wild ungulates (primarily large mammals) in check.
      • Thus, Tiger helps in maintaining the balance between prey herbivores and the vegetation upon which they feed.
  • Conservation Status of Tiger:
  • TIger Population in India:
    • India is home to over 70% of the tiger population globally.
    • India is home to 53 tiger reserves spread across 18 states and the last tiger census of 2018 showed a rise in the tiger population.
    • India has achieved the remarkable feat of doubling the tiger population in 2018 itself, 4 years ahead of the targeted year 2022 of the St. Petersburg Declaration on tiger conservation.
      • Now, the model of success of India’s tiger governance is now being replicated for other wildlife like the Lion, Dolphin, Leopard, Snow Leopard and other small wild cats, while the country is on the threshold of introducing Cheetah in its historical range.
  • Related Steps taken:
    • Conservation Assured | Tiger Standards (CA|TS):
      • 14 Tiger Reserves in India have already been awarded with international CA|TS accreditation and efforts are on to bring in more Tiger Reserves under CA|TS accreditation.
    • Project Tiger:
      • It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme of the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) launched in 1973. It provides havens for tigers in the country’s national parks.
    • Budgetary Allocation:
      • The budgetary allocation for tiger conservation has increased from Rs 185 crore in 2014 to Rs 300 crore in 2022.
    • Helping Frontline Staff:
      • The Frontline staff, which is an important pillar of tiger conservation, have extended Rs 2 lakh life cover to each contractual/temporary worker under e-Sharm, a recent initiative of the Ministry of Labour and Employment and Rs 5 lakh health cover under Ayushman Yojana.

Source: PIB

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