Study Material | Test Series
Drishti IAS
call1800-121-6260 / 011-47532596
Drishti The Vision Foundation
(A unit of VDK Eduventures Pvt. Ltd.)
UN Summit 2014 on Climate Change
Sep 25, 2014

The purpose of the 2014 Climate Summit was to raise political momentum for a meaningful universal climate agreement in Paris in 2015 and to galvanize transformative action in all countries to reduce emissions and build resilience to the adverse impacts of climate change.

The UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon asked leaders from government, business, finance and civil society to crystallize a global vision for low-carbon economic growth and to advance climate action on five fronts: 

1. Cutting emissions

2. Mobilizing money and markets

3. Pricing carbon 

4. Strengthening resilience

5. Mobilizing new coalitions

Heads of state of 120 nations including Barack Obama, David Cameron and Dilma Rousseff were gathered at the UN in New York on 23 September in a bid to inject momentum into slow-burning international negotiations on climate change. It’s the first time world leaders have come together to discuss the issue in five years. Nearly 200 countries have subsequently pledged to reach agreement in Paris at the end of 2015 on a climate pact for carbon cuts beyond 2020. 

The UN Secretary General warned that humanity has never faced a greater challenge than climate change.  He warned that the dreams of humanity hung in the balance.To ride this storm we need all hands on deck. 

The meeting was designed to speed up negotiations for a new global climate agreement to replace the Kyoto Protocol and avoid catastrophic climate change. It was the largest leaders' climate meeting since the 2009 Copenhagen summit, which was largely seen as a failure because it did not result in a binding agreement to reduce emissions.

Country Commitments

  • Barbados: 29 per cent of electricity will be green by 2029

  • Denmark: Aims to be fossil fuel free by 2050

  • Georgia: Aiming to be carbon neutral by 2050

  • Ireland: Reduce Greenhouse gases by 80 per cent by 2050

  • Ethiopia: Zero net emissions by 2025 

  • France: One billion dollar to the green climate fund over the next few years

  • Iceland: Commitment to become an entirely fossil free economy

  • Korea: Next year it will become the first Asian country with a national carbon trading scheme

  • Chile: 45 per cent of energy to be green by 2025

  • Finland: Phasing out coal in power stations by 2025

  • Monaco: Goal to reduce carbon emissions by 80 per cent by 2050

  • Costa Rica: 100 per cent of energy to be green

  • Indonesia: Will cut emissions by 26 per cent by 2020 and says that will rise to 40 per cent with international help

  • Brunei: 63 per cent reduction in energy consumption by 2035

India’s View: India has told the high-powered summit that if the developed world walks the talk, the international community can certainly achieve the targets it has set to tackle climate change. India’s Minister of State for Environment, Forests and Climate Change Prakash Javadekar told that India remains committed to pursuing a path of sustainable development through eradication of poverty, both of income as well as energy. But he stressed that it is self-evident that developing countries can do more if finance and technology support and capacity building is ensured. This must be a key focus of international cooperation. 

India looks forward to a successful UN climate change conference in Peru in December. India stressed that the UN climate summit was taking place under the umbrella of United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which is the original and the central pillar of negotiations on climate change and all other efforts can only be complementary in nature. 

India government has doubled the Clean Energy Cess from Rs. 50 per tonne to Rs. 100 per tonne of coal to raise more revenue for clean energy technologies and the fund has now close to $6 billion. Over $15 million have been allocated to the National Adaptation Fund, $80 million for setting-up of ultra mega solar projects in several states of India, $100 million for a new scheme Modern Super Critical Coal Based Thermal Power Technology and $16 million for the development of one MW Solar Parks on the banks of canals.

India also pointed out that $6 billion would be distributed among Indian states for afforestation activities. The energy consumption in India would need to increase four times as its Human Development Index increases from the current value of 0.5 to 0.9. India also reiterated India’s commitment to achieving its voluntary goal for reducing Emission Intensity of its GDP by 20-25 per cent by 2020 over the 2005-level.


Helpline Number : 87501 87501
To Subscribe Newsletter and Get Updates.

http://www.drishtiias.com/upsc-current-affairs-article-UN-Summit-2014-on-Climate-Change