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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Trial on Varanasi-Haldia Waterway Begins
Aug 20, 2016

The country's first national waterway, NW-1, from Haldia to Allahabad was notified in October 1986 and commercial transport of coal on Haldia-Farakka stretch started in 2013. But it is only now that the government is moving forward to develop waterways, as it launched its first trial of cargo transport carrying 200 newly assembled Maruti cars and another 1,000 tonnes building material from Varanasi to Kolkata.

And this too within two years of announcing the Jal Marg Vikas scheme to enable commercial navigation of vessels. The government's blueprint to promote ‘pilgrimage through cruises’ mainly focuses on hubs of religious tourism.

Key Highlights

  • Out of the seven major identified hubs, five—Varanasi, Allahabad, Bhagalpur, Patna and Kolkata—are located close to Ganga.
  • It took nearly a week for the two cargo vessels to reach Kolkata. The two vessels also picked up more cargo on their way.
  • Inland Waterways Authority of India is responsible for developing the stretches.
  • Government has decided to use Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) as the main fuel for water transport.
  • At least 10 cities along the Ganga can start passenger ferries to reduce congestion on roads.
  • More use of waterways will bring this sector to focus and transportation through waterways will bring down logistics costs from 18% to 12%.
  • The Shipping ministry has set a target of doubling the share of country's cargo transportation through waterway from the present 3.6% to 7% by 2018.
  • Currently, only 3.6 per cent of goods traffic is carried on rivers. In China this is 47 per cent.
  • The terminal in Varanasi, costing Rs. 170 crore, is likely to be completed by August 2018. It will have road and rail connectivity with proposed links on National Highway-7 and Jeonathpur Railway station in Uttar Pradesh respectively.
  • The cargo handling capacity of the terminal on completion of Phase 1 is estimated to be 1.2 million metric tonnes per annum (MTPA). The cargo that will be handled at the terminal includes stone chips, cement, food grains, fertilisers, sugar etc.
  • The terminal will have facilities including berthing space for two vessels simultaneously, storage area, transit shed, parking areas, among others. It will also have a floating jetty for passenger transportation.
  • The project includes development of fairway, construction of new MMTs at Varanasi, Haldia, and Sahibganj in Jharkhand, strengthening of open river navigation system, conservancy works, modern River Information System (RIS), Digital Global Positioning System (DGPS), night navigation facilities, modern methods of channel marking, construction of a new state of the art navigational lock at Farakka etc.
  • National Waterway-1 is a waterway of national significance passing through Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal.
  • In Phase II, the project will reach Kanpur on the Ganga. Similar projects are being tested on the Brahmaputra and other rivers.

National Waterways in India

India has a large network of water bodies in the form of rivers, Lakes, Canals and backwaters. These long waterways are provides a good mode of transport across the cities as well as towns, like backwaters of Kerala, Canals in Gujarat and few waterways in Goa, West Bengal and  Assam. Still these inland waterways are un-utilized in India as compare to other countries in the world, Inland Waterways Authority of India is working on new projects for waterways and better water transportation in India.

1. National Waterway 1 starts from Allahabad to Haldia with an distance of  1620 km. The NW 1 runs through the Ganges, Bhagirathi and Hooghly river system with having fixed terminals at Haldia, Farrakka and Patna and floating terminals  at most of the riverside cities like Kolkata, Bhagalpur, Varanasi  and Allahabad. It is the longest National Waterway in India.
2. National Waterway 2 is a stretch on Brahmaputra river from Sadiya to Dhubri in Assam state. The NW 2 is one of the major freight transportation waterway of north east India and the third longest Waterway with a total length of 891 km.
3. National Waterway 3 or the West Coast Canal is located in Kerala state and runs from Kollam to Kottapuram. The 205 km long West Coast Canal is India’s first waterway with all time navigation facility. The NW3 is consist of  West Coast Canal, Champakara Canal and Udyogmandal Canal and runs through Kottappuram, Cherthala, Thrikkunnapuzha , Kollam and Alappuzha.
4. National Waterway 4  connects Kakinada to Pondicherry through Canals, Tank and River Godavari along with Krishna river. The NW 4 the second longest waterway of India with total lenght of 1095 km in Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.
5. National Waterway 5 connects Odisha to West Bengal using the stretch on Brahmani River, East Coast Canal, Matai river and Mahanadi River Delta. The 623 km long canal system will handle the traffic of cargo such as coal, fertilizer, cement and iron.
6. National Waterway 6 is the proposed waterway in Assam state and it will connect  Lakhipur to Bhanga in river Barak. The 121 km long waterway will help in trading between town of Silchar to Mizoram State.


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